Assessment of Dietary Habits and Nutritional Status of Adolescents in a Resource – Poor Environment in Nigeria
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages: 121-128
Received: May 31, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 20, 2018;
Published: Jul. 7, 2018
Views 552 Downloads 70
Sarah Iyoefo Iyalomhe, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
Samuel Esiemokhai Iyalomhe, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
Ifeanyi Godwin Nwadike, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
Rosemary Ngozi Osunde, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
Godfrey Bolade Samuel Iyalomhe, Department of Pharmacology & Therapeutics, College of Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria
Information is scarce about dietary habits and nutritional status in adolescents in Ekpoma, Nigeria. This is partly because of this age group’s reputation for capriciousness and also because health services/research in developing countries tend to focus more on pre-school children and pregnant women. This study aimed to optimize the health needs of Nigerian adolescents by determining the dietary habits and the nutritional status of adolescents using anthropometry. The cross-sectional descriptive study engaged 400 adolescents aged 10 - 19 years in four secondary schools in Ekpoma using a semi-structured questionnaire for data collection. Height (m2) and weight (kg) were measured and body mass index (BMI) was computed to assess underweight, normal weight, over-weight or obesity. SPSS was used to analyse data. Important factors affecting dietary habits include parental influence (87%), taste of food (71%), mass media reports (61%) and culture (55%). Percentages of underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obese adolescents were 24%, 72%, 3% and 1%, respectively. There was significant association between BMI and monthly household income, p<0.002. There were no significant gender differences. In contrast to the rising prevalence of obesity worldwide, this study has demonstrated that under-nutrition is a challenge in this environment. Intensified nutritional education, provision of adequate healthy diets and motivational strategies are imperatives to prevent malnutrition and its related health consequences in this adolescent population – tomorrow’s adults.
Sarah Iyoefo Iyalomhe,
Samuel Esiemokhai Iyalomhe,
Ifeanyi Godwin Nwadike,
Rosemary Ngozi Osunde,
Godfrey Bolade Samuel Iyalomhe,
Assessment of Dietary Habits and Nutritional Status of Adolescents in a Resource – Poor Environment in Nigeria, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 7, No. 4,
2018, pp. 121-128.
WHO, 2005. Nutrition in Adolescents-Issues and Challenges for the Health Sector. WHO, Geneva, WHO Press, ISBN 9241593660. Available at http://www.who.int Accessed on May 2, 2018.
Omobuwa O, Alebiosu CO, Olajide FO, Adebimpe WO, 2014. Assessment of nutritional status of in-school adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. South Afr Fam Pract 56(4): 246-250. org./10.1080/20786190.2014.9533891.
Nwokoro SO, Ifada K, Onochei O, Olomu JM, 2006. Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status and growth of 10-20 years old individuals in Benin City (Nigeria) metropolis Pak J Nutr 5:117-121.
Prajapati M, Bala DV, Tiwari H, 2011. A study of nutritional status and high risk behaviour of adolescents in Ahmedabad: a cross sectional study. Healthline 2(1):2229-339X.
Onimawo IA, 1998. Activity pattern and energy expenditure of male students in a Nigerian College of Agriculture. Nutr Res 18:963-973.
Stang J S, Stotmeister B, 2017. Nutrition in adolescence in: Temple N, Wilson T, Bray G (eds) Nutrition guide for physicians and related healthcare professionals. Nutrition and health. Humana Press Cham, ISBN 978-3-319-49928-4. https://doi.og/10.10071978-3-319-499929-1_4
Ogechi UP, Akhakhia OI, Ugwunna, UA, 2007. Nutritional status and energy intake of adolescents in Umuahia Urban, Nigeria. Pak J Nutr 6:641-646.
Ejike ECCC, Ugwu EC, Ezeanyika USL, 2010. Physical growth and nutritional status of a cohort of semi-urban Nigerian adolescents. Pak J Nutr 9:392-397.
Livingstone MBE, 2004. Issues in dietary assessment in children and adolescents. Br J Nutr 92:5213-5222.
Gebremariam H, Seid O, Assefa H, 2015. Assessment of nutritional status and associated risk factors among school going adolescents of Mekelle City, Northern Ethiopa. Int J Nutr Food Sc 4(1): 118-124. Doi: 10.116481j.ijnfs.20150401.28.
Roba K T, Abdo M, Wakayo T, 2016. Nutritional status and its associated factors among school adolescents girls in Adama City, Central Ethiopa. J Nutr Food Sci 6:3. http://doi.org/10.4172/2155-96001000493.
Videon TM, Manning CK, 2003. Influences on adolescent eating patterns: The importance of family meals. J Adolesc Health 32:365-373.
Grygiel-Gòriak B, Tomczak A, Krulikowsha N, Przyslawski J, Seraszek A, Kaczmarek E, 2016. Physical activity, nutritional status, and dietary habits of students of a medical university. Sport Sci Health 12:261-267. Doi 10.1007/511332-016-0285-x.
Dapin LN, Noudoui C, Janlert U, Haglin L, 2005. Adolescents’ food habits and nutritional status in urban and rural areas in Cameroon, Africa. Scand J Nutr 49(4):151-158.
Yunusa I, Ezeanyika LUS, 2013. Dietary intake, anthropometry and nutritional status of adolescents in Nigeria: A review. Asian J Sci Res 6(1):16-26. DOI:10.3923/ ajsr. 2013.16.26
Poudel P, 2018. Junk food consumption and its association with BMI among school adolescents. Int J Nutr Food Sc 7(3):90-93. Doi:10.116448/j.ijnfs.20180703.12.
Stang J, 2010. Assessment of nutritional status and motivation to make behaviour changes among adolescents. The American Dietetic Association, Sp.13.
Deka M K, Malhotra A K, Yadav R, Gupta S, 2015. Dietary pattern and nutritional deficiencies among urban adolescents. J Fam Med prim care 4(3): 364-368. Doi: 10. 410312249-4863.161319.
Das J K, Salam A R, Thornburg K L, Prentice A M, Campsi S, Lassi Z S, Koletzko B, Bhutta Z A, 2017. Nutrition in adolescents: physiology, metabolism, and nutritional needs. Ann N Y Acad Sci 139(1):21-33. https://doi.org/10.1111/nya.1330.
De Onis M, Habicht JP, 1997. Anthropometric reference data for international use: recommendations from a WHO expert committee. Food Nutr Bull 18:179-189.
Blum RW, 1991. Global trends in adolescents health. J Am Med Assoc (JAMA) 265:2711-2719.
Maddaleno M, Silber TJ, 1993. An epidemiological view of adolescents’ health in Latin America. J Adolesc Health 14:595-604.
Kish L, 1965. Survey Sampling. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
Nmadu G, Avidime S, Oguntunde O, Dashe V, Abdukarim B, Madara M, 2010. Girl child education: Rising to the challenge. Afr J Reprod Health (Special Issue) 14(3):107-112.
Dauda RO, 2007. Female education and Nigeria’s development strategies: Lots of talk, little action. Ind J Gender Studies 14(3):461-478.
Iyalomhe G B S, Iyalomhe S I, 2012. Health-seeking behaviour of rural dwellers in Southern Nigeria: Implications for healthcare professionals. Int J Trop Dis Health 2(2):62-71.
Une EA, Soumay RH 2009. Assessment of nutritional status of school children in Makurdi, Benue State. Pak J Nutr 8(5): 691-694.
Ojofeitimi EO, Olugbenga-Bello A, Adekanle DA, Adeomi AA, 2011. Pattern and determinants of obesity among adolescent females in private and public schools in Olorunda Local Government Area of Osun State, Nigeria: a comparative study. J Public Health Afr 2(1):e11. Doi:104081/jphia.2011.e11.
Onuorah CE, Ayo JA, 2003. Food taboos and their nutritional implications on developing nations like Nigeria: A review. Nutr Food Sc 33(5):235-240. http://doi.org/10.1108/00346650310499467.
Ogbeide O, 1974. Nutritional hazards of food taboos and preferences in Mid-West Nigeria. Am J Clin Nutr 27:213-216.
Ekwochi U, Osuorah CDI, Ndu IK, Ifediora C, Asinobi IN, Eke CB, 2016. Food taboos and myths in South Eastern Nigeria: The belief and practice of mothers in the region. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 12:7. https://doi.org/10.1186/513002-016-0079-x.
Chugh R, Puri S 2001. Affluent girls of Delhi: Eating and weight concerns. Br J Nutr 86:535-542.