Prevalence and Associated Factors of Stunting Among Children Aged Six Month - Five Year in Ataye Town, Northeast Ethiopia
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 86-92
Received: Oct. 16, 2019;
Accepted: Dec. 4, 2019;
Published: Jan. 4, 2020
Views 420 Downloads 214
Hana Moges, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Debora Alemayehu, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Hasna Redi, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Yemata Gebeyehu, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Abebe Dires, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Sisay Gedamu, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine & Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
Adequate nutrition is vital to children’s growth and development. Globally, about 155 million children were stunted. In Ethiopia, about half of child’s mortality was related to malnutrition. Hence, this study was aimed to assess the prevalence of stunting among children aged six month- five year in Ataye town, Northeast Ethiopia. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 415 children from March to April, 2018. Interviewer administered structured questionnaire and measurement was used to collect the data. Multivariate logistic analysis was used and variables with a P-value of < 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Overall, nearly half of children (48.4%) were stunted. Children with age group of 25-59 months (AOR= 1.9, 95% CI: 1.15, 3.23), being male (AOR=1.7,95% CI: 1.03, 2.89), non-exclusive breast feeding (AOR= 1.9,95% CI: 1.03, 3.51), maternal illiteracy (AOR= 2.4, 95% CI: 1.005-6.08), and getting monthly income of less than 500 Ethiopian birr (AOR= 3.2, 95% CI: 1.76-6.01) had statistically significant association with stunting. In Ataye town, the burden of stunting was significantly higher than the overall prevalence of stunting in Ethiopia as well as in Amhara region and it is continued as a major public health problem in Amhara region. Children aged between 2-5 years old, being male, non-exclusive breast feeding practice, maternal illiteracy, and low monthly income were independent predictors of stunting. Thus, this study underlines the need for increasing the awareness of mothers/caregivers about child feeding and the necessity of exclusive breast feeding in the first six months of life. Moreover, it requires collaborative activity from national and regional health office to reduce the burden of stunting.
Prevalence and Associated Factors of Stunting Among Children Aged Six Month - Five Year in Ataye Town, Northeast Ethiopia, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences.
Vol. 8, No. 6,
2019, pp. 86-92.
WHO, the double burden of malnutrition, policy Brief, WHO, Editor. 2016-2025.
USAID, Ethiopia: Nutrition Profile. 2018.
UNICEF / WHO / World Bank Group Joint Child Malnutrition Estimates, levels and trends in child malnutrition. 2017.
WHO, Reducing stunting in children: equity considerations for achieving the Global NutritionTargets 2025. 2018.
Health, U. S. C. f. G., Statewide Global Health Case Competition Impact of Malnutrition in the First 1,000 Days on a Child’s Health in Rural Ethiopia. 2017.
USAID, Ethiopia: Nutrition Profile. 2014.
Mulu, E. and B. Mengistie, Household food insecurity and its association with nutritional status of under five children in Sekela District, Western Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional study. BMC Nutrition, 2017. 3 (1): p. 35.
Panel, M. M., Nourished: How Africa can build a future free from hunger and malnutrition. Dakar: Malabo Montpellier Panel, 2017.
Demographic, C. E., Health Survey-2011. Central Statistical Agency Addis Ababa. Ethiopia ICF International Calverton, Maryland, USA. 2012. 2016.
Central Statistical Agency Addis Ababa, E., Demographic and Health Survey. 2016.
A Malabo Montpellier Panel Report, nourished How Africa Can Build a Future Free from Hunger and Malnutrition,. 2017.
Zeru, S., A. Mulugeta, and T. Gebretsadik, Assessment of Nutritional Status and Other Factors Correlates with Academic Performance of Lower Primary School Children from Mekelle, Northern Ethiopia. Research & Reviews: Journal of Computational Biology, 2017. 6 (2).
Oyedele, O., Undernutrition in Africa: Economic Implications. 2017.
Woldehanna, T., J. R. Behrman, and M. W. Araya, The effect of early childhood stunting on children’s cognitive achievements: Evidence from young lives Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, 2017. 31 (2): p. 75-84.
Agedew, E. and T. Chane, Prevalence of stunting among children aged 6–23 months in Kemba Woreda, Southern Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study. Advances in Public Health, 2015. 2015.
Alemayehu, M., et al., Undernutrition status and associated factors in under-5 children, in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Nutrition, 2015. 31 (7-8): p. 964-970.
Asfaw, M., et al., Prevalence of undernutrition and associated factors among children aged between six to fifty nine months in Bule Hora district, South Ethiopia. BMC Public health, 2015. 15 (1): p. 41.
Chirande, L., et al., Determinants of stunting and severe stunting among under-fives in Tanzania: evidence from the 2010 cross-sectional household survey. BMC pediatrics, 2015. 15 (1): p. 165.
Abebe, Z., et al., High prevalence of undernutrition among children in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia: a community-based cross-sectional study. International Journal of Pediatrics, 2017.
Birhanu, A., et al., Stunting and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months in Lasta woreda, north east Ethiopia, 2015: A community based cross sectional study design. J. Fam. Med, 2017. 4: p. 1112.
Geberselassie, S. B., et al., Prevalence of stunting and its associated factors among children 6-59 months of age in Libo-Kemekem district, Northwest Ethiopia; A community based cross sectional study. PloS one, 2018. 13 (5): p. e0195361.
Woldie, Y. T., et al., Prevalence of stunting and associated factors among under five children in Wondo Genet Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia. International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 2015. 2 (2): p. 36-49.
Yisak, H., T. Gobena, and F. Mesfin, Prevalence and risk factors for under nutrition among children under five at Haramaya district, Eastern Ethiopia. BMC pediatrics, 2015. 15 (1): p. 212.
Olack, B., et al., Nutritional status of under-five children living in an informal urban settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. Journal of health, population, and nutrition, 2011. 29 (4): p. 357.
Semali, I. A., et al., Prevalence and determinants of stunting in under-five children in central Tanzania: remaining threats to achieving Millennium Development Goal 4. BMC public health, 2015. 15 (1): p. 1153.
Abdulahi, A., et al., Nutritional status of under five children in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ethiopian journal of health sciences, 2017. 27 (2): p. 175-188.
Demilew, Y. M. and D. D. Abie, Undernutrition and associated factors among 24–36-month-old children in slum areas of Bahir Dar city, Ethiopia. International journal of general medicine, 2017. 10: p. 79.
Fekadu, Y., et al., Factors associated with nutritional status of infants and young children in Somali Region, Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public health, 2015. 15 (1): p. 846.
Redi, F., G. Egata, and A. Kedir, Prevalence of Malnutrition among Children Aged 6-59 in Haramaya District, Oromia, Ethiopia. J Biom Biostat, 2017. 8 (357): p. 2.
Darsene, H., et al., Magnitude and predictors of undernutrition among children aged six to fifty nine months in Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. Archives of Public Health, 2017. 75 (1): p. 29.
Teferi, M., et al., Prevalence of Stunting and Associated Factors among Children Aged 06–59 Months In Southwest Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Journal of Nutritional Health and Food Science, 2016. 2016: p. 1-6.
Kabeta, A., D. Belagavi, and Y. Gizachew, Factors Associated With Nutritional Status of Under-Five Children in Yirgalem Town, Southern Ethiopia.
Etim, K. D., R. I. Ejemot-Nwadiaro, and R. E. Kalu, A study of malnutrition-dependent factors among under-five children in Ekureku Community, Abi Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research, 2017: p. 1-10.
Das, S. and J. Gulshan, Different forms of malnutrition among under five children in Bangladesh: a cross sectional study on prevalence and determinants. BMC Nutrition, 2017. 3 (1): p. 1.
Akombi, B. J., et al., Stunting and severe stunting among children under-5 years in Nigeria: A multilevel analysis. BMC Pediatrics, 2017. 17 (15).
Wamani, H., et al., Boys are more stunted than girls in Sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis of 16 demographic and health surveys. BMC Pediatrics, 2007. 7 (17).
Akombi, B. J., et al., Stunting, Wasting and Underweight in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2017. 14 (863).
Fentahun, W., M. Wubshet, and A. Tariku, Undernutrition and associated factors among children aged 6-59 months in East Belesa District, northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health, 2016. 16 (506).
Derso, T., et al., Stunting, wasting and associated factors among children aged 6–24 months in Dabat health and demographic surveillance system site: A community based crosssectional study in Ethiopia. BMC Pediatrics, 2017. 17 (96).