Multidimensional Poverty and Acute Malnutrition of Children in Households of Mayo-danay Division, Cameroon
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 9, Issue 1, January 2020, Pages: 25-32
Received: Oct. 22, 2019; Accepted: Dec. 8, 2019; Published: Apr. 13, 2020
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Martin Sobze Sanou, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Andre Izacar Gael Bita, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon; Department of Health, Health and Education Action (HEDA), Bengbis, Cameroun
Ghyslaine Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Faculty of Science and Technology, Evangelical University of Cameroon, Mbouo-Bandjoun, Cameroon
Benjamin Azike Chunkukundun, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Armand Tiotsa Tsapi, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Isidore Sieleunou, Head Office, R4D International, Yaounde, Cameroon
Germaine Sylvie Nkengfack Nembongwe, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
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Introduction: The SMART survey (2017) in the Far North region, Cameroon presents high prevalence of malnutrition: 4.5% of global acute malnutrition (GAM) and 40.9% of chronic malnutrition (CM). Objectives: To examine the relationship between multidimensional poverty and malnutrition among children under-five in the Mayo-Danay Division. Specifically, assess the nutritional status of children, describe the living conditions of children in households and measure the association between multidimensional poverty and nutritional status of children. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study was conducted on a cluster sample at two levels. Anthropometric measurements were used to assess the nutritional status of children. The non-monetary, simplified approach, based on the search for deprivation indices of the well-being of children in the household was used. Results: Out of 433 children surveyed, we observed: 4.4% GAM; 13.9% of underweight and 23.3% MC. Out of the 65,82% poor children, 13,59% had chronic malnutrition; 2.09% GAM and 15.00% underweight. Multidimensional poverty among children was associated with the CM (OR = 4, 436; (CI = 2, 767 - 7,111) and GAM (OR = 4, 194; (CI = 1, 514 - 11,416). Conclusion: The study highlights the interaction between the living conditions of children in households and the impact on their nutritional status. Multidimensional poverty is associated with malnutrition in children. We recommend to initiate a simulation and comparison study, of poverty reduction scenarios, in the study area.
Multidimensional Poverty, Malnutrition, Cameroon, Children-under-five, Nutrition
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Martin Sobze Sanou, Andre Izacar Gael Bita, Ghyslaine Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Benjamin Azike Chunkukundun, Armand Tiotsa Tsapi, Isidore Sieleunou, Germaine Sylvie Nkengfack Nembongwe, Multidimensional Poverty and Acute Malnutrition of Children in Households of Mayo-danay Division, Cameroon, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Special Issue: Health and Nutrition: Challenges and Perspectives. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2020, pp. 25-32. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20200901.15
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