Analytical Approaches and Methods in Quality Control Procedures of Energy Food Drinks Containing Caffeine and Taurine
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 1-1, January 2015, Pages: 1-8
Received: Oct. 11, 2014;
Accepted: Oct. 15, 2014;
Published: Nov. 12, 2014
Views 4505 Downloads 397
Katerina Atanasova Todorova, Dept. of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University - Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
Ivanka Petkova Pencheva, Dept. of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Medical University - Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria
Energy food drinks are carbonated drinks that contain large amounts of caffeine and sugar with additional ingredients, such as taurine, amino acids, vitamins and herbal stimulants as guarana. Their popularity among people especially adolescents continues to grow. The success of energy drink is related to their reputation of enhancing physical performances, driving ability when tired, cognitive functions, mental concentration level and reduced the reaction time. The expanded usage of energy food drinks set some problems between producers and consumers. The problems concern quality control questions, limitation of doses of biologically active caffeine and taurine, compatibility of ingredients, side effects. The present literature review analyses and generalized analytical approaches and methods in quality control procedures, their applications, restrictions and priorities.
Katerina Atanasova Todorova,
Ivanka Petkova Pencheva,
Analytical Approaches and Methods in Quality Control Procedures of Energy Food Drinks Containing Caffeine and Taurine, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Special Issue: Taurine and Caffeine Supplementation in Energy Food Drinks: Uses, Side Effects and Quality Control.
Vol. 4, No. 1-1,
2015, pp. 1-8.
Hongyuan Yan, Fengxia Qiao, Minglei Tian , Kyung Ho Row, Application of 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene pre-column derivatization to quantitative determination of taurine and its intermediate in beverages and milk samples,Journal of Liquid Chromatography & Related Technologies,Volume 36, Issue 1, pages 35-43, 2012.
Brad McConn, Determination of taurine in energy drinks by high-performance liquid chromatography, Concordia College Journal of Analytical Chemistry 3, pages 47-52, 2012.
H. Soga, M. Aono, A spectrophotometric method for the determination of taurine in nutritional supplement drinks, Food and Agriculture Organization of the umited Nations, 1957.
Yoshiyuki Sawabe, Takaomi Tagami, Katsuhiro Yamasaki, Determination of Taurine in Energy Drinks by HPLC Using a Pre-column Derivative, Journal of Health Science 54 (6), pages 661–664, 2008.
Oi-Wah Lau , Shiu-Fai Luk и Teresa PY Chiu, Spectrophotometric determination of taurine in food samples with phenol and sodium hypochlorite as reagents and an ion-exchange clean-up, Analyst Issue 5, pages 653-655, 1990
Georgi B. Draganov, UV-spectrophotometry determination of taurine in energy drink mixtures, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences,Vol. 3, No. 2, pp. 123-126, 2014.
Koichi Saito, Masakazu Horie, Yoshikazu Tokumaru, Hiroyuki Nakazawa, Determination of Taurine in Foods by HPLC with On-Column Fluorescence Derivatization, Food Hygiene and Safety Science, Vol.38, No.6, page 400, 1997.
Sebastian Götz, Tobias Revermann, Uwe Karst, Quantitative on-chip determination of taurine in energy and sports drinks, Lab on a Chip, Issue 1, pages 93-97, 2007.
S. Triebel, C. Sproll,H. Reusch, R. Godelmann, D. W. Lachenmeier, Rapid analysis of taurine in energy drinks using amino acid analyzer and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy as basis for toxicological evaluation,Amino Acids,Vol. 33, Issue 3,pages 451-457, 2007.
Monika Hohmann, Christine Felbinger, Norbert Christoph, Helmut Wachter, Johannes Wiest,Ulrike Holzgrabe, Quantification of taurine in energy drinks using 1H NMR ,Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis,Vol. 93, pages 156–160, 2014.
M. K. Sharaf El Din and M. E. K. Wahba, Novel validated spectrofluorimetric methods for the determination of taurine in energy drinks,The Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence, 2014.
Rodrigo R.Catharino,Renato Haddad, Helena T. Godoy,Marcos N. Eberlin,Leonardo S. Santos, Fast Analysis of Taurine in Energetic Drinks by Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry,Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society, vol.22, No.4, pages 801-806, 2011.
Raluca-Ioana Chirita, Catalina Dascalu, Lucian Gavrila, Claire Elfakir,Simultaneous Analysis of Taurine and Caffeine in Energy Drinks using Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography with UV and Evaporative Light Scattering Detection, Revista de Chemie-Bucharest original edition,pages 1173-1176, 2010.
Aranda M, Morlock G.,Simultaneous determination of riboflavin, pyridoxine, nicotinamide, caffeine and taurine in energy drinks by planar chromatography-multiple detection with confirmation by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, Journal of Chromatography A ,Vol. 1131, Issues 1–2, Pages 253–260, 2006.
Mario Aranda, Gertrud Morlock, Simultaneous determination of riboflavin, pyridoxine, nicotinamide, caffeine and taurine in energy drinks by planar chromatography-multiple detection with confirmation by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 1131, Issues 1–2, Pages 253–260, 2006.
Olga Shimelis, Hugh Cramer, and Michael D. Buchanan, Determination of Additives in Beverages Using Ascentis Express Columns,US Reporter, Vol. 30.3, pages 20-21.
HPLC Analysis of Sugars and Taurine in an Energy Drink on Ascentis® HILIC using UV and ELSD Detection in Series, Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis 51, pages 131-137, 2010.
Hui Qiu-sha, Determination of Taurine in Health Drinks by TLC, Journal Food and Drug, 2011.
Emilia Marchei,Manuela Pellegrini,Roberta Pacifici,Ilaria Palmi,Simona Pichini,Development and validation of a high-performance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry assay for methylxanthines and taurine in dietary supplements,Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis,Vol. 37, Issue 3, Pages 499–507, 2005.
Blanka Vochyanova, Frantisek Opekar, P.Tuma, Simultaneous and rapid determination of caffeine and taurine in energy drinks by MEKC in a short capillary with dual contactless conductivity / photometry detection, Electrophoresis, Vol.35, Issue11, pages 1660 -1665, 2013.
Motoki Matsuda, Yasuhisa Asano, A simple assay of taurine concentrations in food and biological samples using taurine dioxygenase, Analytical Biochemistry Vol. 427,Issue 2 pages 121–123, 2012.
Shi Yan, Song Guangxi, Xiong Jing, Wei Feng, Ma Shuangcheng, Lin Ruichao, Determination of Taurine in Heath Food by RP-HPLC with Precolumn Phenylisothiocyanate Derivatization, Chinese Pharmaceutical Affairs, Issue 2, pages 144-146, 2012.
Zhu Hui, Zhao Zhi-Hong, SHI Wen-Rong, Determination of Taurine in Food by Pre-column HPLC with Sulfonyl Chloride,Food science,Vol.21,Issue 12, pages 116-118, 2000.
Zheng G, Lin S.,Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Determination of taurine in foods by high performance liquid chromatography, Journal of Hygiene Research,Vol.27, Issue 4, pages 266-268, 1998.
Silvia Zucconi, Chiara Volpato, Felice Adinolfi, Evita Gandini,Enrica Gentile, Alberico Loi, Linda Fioriti, External scientific report, Gathering consumption data on specific consumer groups of energy drinks, Supporting Publications 2013:EN-394.