Nutritional Survey of Pre-school Children in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State Nigeria
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 6, Issue 6-1, November 2017, Pages: 26-33
Received: Jul. 31, 2017;
Accepted: Aug. 1, 2017;
Published: Dec. 12, 2017
Views 1461 Downloads 95
Oladimeji Olusegun, Department of Food Science & Technology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria
Oyarekua Mojisola, Department of Food Science & Technology, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti, Nigeria
Oluwole Oluwatoyin, Department of Food Technology, Federal Institute of Industrial Research, Oshodi, Lagos, Nigeria
This is a cross-sectional study of the nutritional status of pre-school children (between the age of 3-5years old) in Oredo Local Government of Edo State. 209 children randomly selected, comprising of 103 female and 106 male were examined using anthropometric parameters. The physical examination and anthropometric data were used to classify the children into normal and protein deficiency groups. Those children who scored less than -2 Z-score in mid-arm circumference-for-age (MAFA) indicator and showed the presence of clinical features were classified as protein deficient (PD). The result showed that the estimated prevalence of children (45.2%) with mid-arm circumference-for-age, MAFA less than -2 Z-score was higher than those for other anthropometric indicators (height-for-age, HFA 17.9%; weight-for-age, WFA 22.1% and weight-for-height, WFH 15.9%). Due to the fact that the aetiology of PD is multifarious, a community-based intervention programme should include balanced diet, proper cooking, establishment of community educational/health centres and increased employment opportunities.
Nutritional Survey of Pre-school Children in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State Nigeria, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Special Issue: Advances in Food Processing, Preservation, Storage, Biotechnology and Safety.
Vol. 6, No. 6-1,
2017, pp. 26-33.
Adenuga, F. O. (1986): Nutrition Survey. University Press Ibadan, Ibadan.
Bender, A. E. (1993): Introduction to Nutrition and Metabolism. AVI Publishing Company, Westport, Connecticut.
Chopra, J. E. and Shama B. C. (1992): An Improved Caliper for measurement of skinfold thickness. US Army Medical Nutrition Laboratory report. Chicago. No. 113.
Dawson RJ (1992). Food policy and Nutrition Division, FAO, Vigle delle Termi dicaracalla, 00100 Rome, May in SCN News (Late 1992) 8: 37–38.
Dehghan M, Danesh NA, Merchant AT. Childhood obesity, prevalence and prevention. Nutr J. 2005; 4: 24.
Dennison BA, Rockwell HL, Bakeri SL. Excess fruit juice consumption by preschool-aged children is associated with short stature and obesity. Pediatr. 1997; 99: 15–22.
Erinoso, H. O. Akinbami, F. O. and Akinyinka, O. O. (1993). Prognostic factors in severely malnourished hospitalised Nigeria children – Anthropometric and Biochemical factors. Trop. Geo. Med. 45 (6): 290–293.
FAO/WHO (1992). Caring for the socio-economically deprived and nutritionally vulnerable. International Nutrition. Major Issues for Nutrition Strategies. Theme Paper No. 3 p 19.
Fashakin J. B. and Abayomi, A. O. (1986): Nutritional Survey in Ile-Ife. University Press, Ibadan.
Fidanza, F. (1991): Nutritional Status Assessment. A manual for Population Studies.
Gonzales-Suarez C, Grimmer-Somers K, Worleyl A. Is food intake associated with pre-adolescent obesity? An observational study in Metromanila, Philippines. Asian J Clin Nutr. 2009; 1: 107–19.
Gunston, R. A. (1992). Arm-muscle plus bone area: Anthropometric and CAT Scan compared. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 47: 729.
Jellife, D. B and Jellife E. F. P (1989). Community Nutritional Assessment. Oxford University Press.
Jelliffe, D. B. (1966). The assessment of nutritional status of the community. WHO mono Ser. 53.
Latham, M. C. (1991) The dermatosis of Kwashiokor in young children. Seminars in Dermatology. 10(4): 270-4.
Leung, W. T. (1968) Food Composition Table for Use in Africa, N. I. H., FAO/USDHEW, Washington DC.
Nuruddin R, Lim LK, Hadden CW, Azam I. Comparison of estimates of under-nutrition for preschool rural Pakistani children based on the WHO standard and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). Public Health Nutr. 2008; 12: 716–22.
Onis de M. Montero, C. And Akre, J. (1993). The worldwide magnitude of protein energy malnutrition: An overview from the WHO global database on child growth. Bulletin of the WHO 71(6): 703-712.
Reinbott A. and Jordan I. (2016) Determinants of Child Malnutrition and Infant and Young Child feeding approaches in Cambodia. World Rev. Nutr. Det. 115: 61-67.
Sauerwein, R. W.; Mulder, J. A. and Mulder, L. (1997). Inflammatory mediators in children with protein-energy-malnutrition. Am. J. of Clin. Nutr. 65(5): 1534-1539.
SCN News (1995). Zinc nutrition and public health – UNICEF Sponsored Consultation. SCN News early 12: 24 – 26.
Scrimshaw NS (2001). Food and nutrition bulletin. Special issue on vitamin A. A. supplementation and control of vitamin A deficiency; 22 (3) 235 – 340. Sept. WHO (2000). Global database on child growth and malnutrition. WHO, Geneva in ACC/SCN 2000, 4 th report on the world nutrition situation. 5 – 96. Jan.
Tai, M. S.; Goh, K.; Mohd-Taib, S. H.; Rampal, S. and Mahadeva, S. (2010). Anthropometric, biochemical and clinical assessment of malnutrition in Malaysia patients with advanced cirrhosis. Nutrition Journal 9: 27.
Van Den Broeck, J.; Meulemans, W. And Eeckels, R. (1994). Nutritional Assessment: The problem of clinical anthropometric mismatch. Eur. J of Clin. Nutr. 48: 60-65.
WHO (1995). Energy and Protein requirements: Report of Joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation. Technical report. Series 724; 1–204.