Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 438-442
Received: Aug. 31, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 15, 2014; Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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Authors
Samson Yemane, Department of Human Nutrition, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Tadesse Awoke, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Institute of Public Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
Measho Gebreslassie, Department of Health Service Management and Health Economics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Introduction: Appropriate complementary feeding is critical for the achievement of a healthy growth and development and mere survival of young children. Lack of appropriate breast-feeding and complementary feeding practice are the main cause of under nutrition. An estimated 32% of children under five years in developing countries are stunted and 10% are wasted. Objective: To assess timely initiation of complementary feeding practice and associated factors among mothers of children aged from 6 to 24 months living in Axum town, North Ethiopia. Methods: Community based cross- sectional study was conducted from April to May 2013. A sample of 422 subjects was selected by using systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected using pre-tested interviewer administered structured questionnaires. The data were cleaned, coded, entered in to EPI-INFO version 3.5.1, and transferred and analysed using SPSS version 20. Results: Out of 422 study participants, 223 (52.8%) have started complementary feeding practices to their child timely. Married women [AOR=2.490; 95% CI: (1.170, 5.301)] and attended ANC follow up [AOR=3.874; 95% CI: (1.805, 8.314)] were positively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. On the other hand, mothers whose husband cannot read and write [AOR=0.358; 95% CI :( 0.148, 0.863)], household size of 4-6 (AOR=0.34; 95%CI: 0.16, 0.74) and mothers who delivered at home (AOR=0.338; 95%CI: 0.12, 0.99) were negatively associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Conclusion and recommendation: Timely initiation of complementary feeding practice was relatively low in the study area. Mother’s marital status, husband education, family size, mother’s ANC follow-up, and mother’s place of delivery were significantly associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding. Nutritional counseling, promoting ANC follow up, nutrition education & enhancing institution delivery were recommended to the concerned bodies.
Keywords
Complementary Feeding, Timely Initiation, Practice, Axum Town
To cite this article
Samson Yemane, Tadesse Awoke, Measho Gebreslassie, Timely Initiation of Complementary Feeding Practice and Associated Factors among Mothers of Children Aged from 6 to 24 Months in Axum Town, North Ethiopia, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2014, pp. 438-442. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20140305.21
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