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Emulsifying Properties of Hydrolysates Isolated from Soybean Protein
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 223-233
Received: Mar. 5, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 17, 2015; Published: Mar. 21, 2015
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Authors
Luis Alberto Panizzolo, Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos, Facultad de Química, Universidad de la República, Montevideo, Uruguay
María Cristina Añón, Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA), CONICET, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina
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Abstract
We have developed new surfactant agents based on hydrolyzed soybean proteins using papain, and we have studied their ability to form and stabilize emulsions. The interfacial behavior and the emulsifying properties were correlated to the structural changes that the proteins underwent. The hydrolysis reaction was stopped by dropping to pH 2 in one case, or rapidly dropping the temperature to -18ºC in the other. The structural and functional properties of the obtained products depended on the way the papain hydrolysis of the soy proteins was stopped. Hydrolysis did not have a beneficial effect on the emulsifying properties of those hydrolysates that were stopped by freezing. For all the degrees of hydrolysis we studied, the emulsifying properties of the isolates were significantly improved when the hydrolysis reaction was stopped by dropping to pH 2.
Keywords
Soy Protein, Enzymatic Hydrolysis, Emulsion Properties
To cite this article
Luis Alberto Panizzolo, María Cristina Añón, Emulsifying Properties of Hydrolysates Isolated from Soybean Protein, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2015, pp. 223-233. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20150402.24
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