An Assessment of Adolescent Eating Habits in Public Schools of Chak Shahzad, Islamabad
International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 304-309
Received: Jun. 27, 2016; Accepted: Jul. 7, 2016; Published: Jul. 28, 2016
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Authors
Fouzia Nadeem Gill, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
Abdul Majeed, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
Zubia Qureshi, Apex Consulting, Islamabad, Pakistan
Kauser Aftab Khan, BHU Kothara, Gujranwala, Pakistan
Moazzam Ali Khan, Ghazi khan Medical College, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan
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Abstract
Eating patterns influence the nutritional status, health, learning process and academic performance of the school children. This study was conducted to explore the food availability at school canteens and food intake by adolescents in break period. A cross sectional study was conducted on 290 adolescents (145 were girls and 145 boys) of 6th, 7th and 8th grade from public schools of Chak Shahzad, Islamabad. Pre-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Chi square / fisher exact test was done by using SPSS to check the association. The mean age of adolescents was 12.6 ± 1.33 years. They were reported normal, underweight, overweight and obese as 176 (60.7%), 79 (27.2%), 27 (9.3%) and 9 (2.8%) respectively. Nutritional status was significantly related with gender, age and grade of adolescents with p-value <0.05. Response showed that 199 (68.6%) adolescents prefer canteen food during break time, and 66 (22.8%) give preference to homemade lunch. Few of them 25 (8.6%) take fruits in school break time. About (24.8%) took drink with lunch which were juices 30 (10.3%), milk/milk shake 14 (5.9%), carbonated drinks 6 (2.1%), and tea/coffee 13 (4.5%). Consumption of carbohydrates, protein, fruits, vegetables, and dairy products was found as 64 (22.1%), 26 (0.9%), 32 (11%), 4 (1.4%) and 1 (0.3%) respectively in adolescents who brought their lunch from home. Around 49% of students were not satisfied with food provided on their school canteens. Availability of food items on school canteens and overall eating pattern of adolescents is not satisfactory. There is a need of school canteen guidelines/policy and nutritional education to canteen staff and pupils.
Keywords
School Canteen, Pakistan, Eating Habits, Adolescents
To cite this article
Fouzia Nadeem Gill, Abdul Majeed, Zubia Qureshi, Kauser Aftab Khan, Moazzam Ali Khan, An Assessment of Adolescent Eating Habits in Public Schools of Chak Shahzad, Islamabad, International Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2016, pp. 304-309. doi: 10.11648/j.ijnfs.20160504.21
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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