Health Safety on Plastic Materials that Come into Contact with Food and Children Toys about Migration of Primary Aromatic Amines Examination in IPH- Skopje in Period 01.012013 – 31.12.2013
Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 3, May 2014, Pages: 63-67
Received: Apr. 22, 2014; Accepted: May 13, 2014; Published: May 30, 2014
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Authors
Evgenija Kiroska-Petreska, Institute for Public Health of Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Katja Popovska, Institute of Microbiology and parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University “Ss Cyril and Methodius”, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Dragan Gjorgjev, Institute for Public Health of Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Vesna Kostikj, Institute for Public Health of Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
Branka Petrovska, Institute for Public Health of Republic of Macedonia, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
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Abstract
Backgorund: Humans can be exposed to primary aromatic amines (PAAs) by the usage of a variety of synthetic products which come in contact with food and plastic children toys. PAAs are mainly originated from synthetic azo dyes widely applied as colorants on plastics and also from the use of adhesives based on polyurethanes (PU) in laminated food packing materials. Legislation introduced in the European Union countries limiting the migration level of PAAs into foodstuffs is 0.01 mg/kg. Aim: To establishing method for routine examination of PAAs in items made of plastics that come into direct contact with food and plastic toys. Material and Methods: Quantitative determination of sum of PAAs, expressed as aniline on 727 items of which 363 plastic toys, and 364 plastic containers, plastic utensils and plastic items that come in direct contact with food. Was using spectrophotometric method based on diazotisation of PAAs and subsequent coupling of the obtained diazonium salts with N-(1-naphthyl) ethylenediamine dihydrochloride. Resultes: Calibration was carried out using known amounts of aniline hydrochloride as standard. Detection limit (DL) and quantification limit (QL) evaluated for direct spectrophotometric method amounted to 0,000715 mg/l and 0,002165 mg/l, respectively. Only 6 tested samples were not correct in terms of increased concentration of PAAs in simulant solution. From the faulty samples 4 were toys, and 2 black kitchen sets which coming in contact with food. Conclusion: Requires increased sanitary inspection market, amid frequent occurrence of PAAs in plastic kitchen utensils, especially kitchen utensils in black and children toys made in China.
Keywords
Food Contact Materials (FCM), Toys, Primary Aromatic Amines (PAAs), Migration, Safety
To cite this article
Evgenija Kiroska-Petreska, Katja Popovska, Dragan Gjorgjev, Vesna Kostikj, Branka Petrovska, Health Safety on Plastic Materials that Come into Contact with Food and Children Toys about Migration of Primary Aromatic Amines Examination in IPH- Skopje in Period 01.012013 – 31.12.2013, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2014, pp. 63-67. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20140203.13
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