Post Harvest Physicochemical Properties of Soursop (Annona Muricata L.) Fruits of Coast Region, Tanzania
Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 220-226
Received: Aug. 20, 2014; Accepted: Aug. 29, 2014; Published: Sep. 20, 2014
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Authors
Othman Chande Othman, University of Dar es Salaam, Chemistry Department, P. O. Box 35061, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Christina Fabian, Mkwawa University College of Education, Chemistry Department, P.O. Box Private Bag, Iringa, Tanzania
Esther Lugwisha, University of Dar es Salaam, Chemistry Department, P. O. Box 35061, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
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Abstract
The physicochemical composition of harvested soursop (Annona muricata L.) fruits from Coast region, Tanzania, during open-air storage was determined. The ash, titratable acidity, crude fat, crude fiber, moisture and sugars content were determined by proximate analysis. Ascorbic acid contents were determined using the 2,6-dichlorophenol-indophenol dye method while macro-nutrients and heavy metals were determined by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry (FAAS). The fruits were harvested at the mature ripe stage and kept in open air storage over several days. The determinations were done immediately after fruit arrival at the laboratory and thereafter at intervals of two days from the day of harvest. The results showed that soursop fruits had high moisture content (73.1% – 82.1%), low titratable acidity (0.10 – 1.25% ca), low crude fat (0.42 mg/100 g-fw), moderate ash content (0.87 mg/100 g-fw) and crude fibre content (6.09 mg/100 g-fw), high ascorbic acid content (34.0 – 19.7 mg/100 g-fw), high total sugars content (34.3% – 45.3%), reducing sugar content (18.9% – 39.2%) and sucrose content (15.5% – 30.0%). Of the macroelements Na, Ca and K, the average content were 895.6, 870.3 and 367.5 mg/100 g-fw respectively. Heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb and Cd) content was very low in the soursop fruits, ranging between <0.0015 mg/100 g-fw for Cd and 0.82 mg/100 g-fw for Fe. During storage, the moisture content, titratable acidity level and sugars content in the fruit were all increasing whereas the ascorbic acid content was decreasing. There were no significant changes during storage for levels of crude fat, fiber, ash, mineral elements and heavy metals. The findings from this study suggest that this fruit from coast region of Tanzania can contribute nutritionally to the health of the consumer.
Keywords
Soursop, Annona Muricata, Physicochemical, Proximate Analysis, Storage, Macronutrients, AAS, Post-Harvest, Tanzania
To cite this article
Othman Chande Othman, Christina Fabian, Esther Lugwisha, Post Harvest Physicochemical Properties of Soursop (Annona Muricata L.) Fruits of Coast Region, Tanzania, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 220-226. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20140205.13
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