Nutrition Education Influences Vitamin A-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Child Caregivers Towards the Production of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato in Uganda
Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 38-47
Received: Feb. 26, 2015;
Accepted: Mar. 9, 2015;
Published: Mar. 15, 2015
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Josephine Nabugoomu, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Agnes Namutebi, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
Archileo N. Kaaya, Department of Food Technology and Nutrition, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
George Nasinyama, Department of Biosecurity, Ecosystems and Veterinary Public Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
This study had two major objectives: to assess the effect of nutrition education carried out among urban and peri-urban farming communities in Kampala, Uganda on (a) production of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP), and (b) vitamin A related knowledge, attitudes and practices of child caregivers. A Cross-sectional sample of households that were involved in farming of orange fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) and had 2–6 year old children (n=457) were purposively selected from four divisions of Kampala Capital City Authority (Kawempe, Rubaga, Makindye, and Nakawa) to participate in a controlled, cohort intervention. Respondents in Kawempe division had received training in production of OFSP and nutrition education; Rubaga division only had training in production of OFSP; Nakawa division only had nutrition education while Makindye division did not have any training and served as the control. A coded questionnaire was used to collect caregiver’s perceptions of nutrition and production attributes of OFSP compared with other potato varieties as well as Vitamin A related knowledge, attitudes and practices. Chi-square tests were used to test for relationships amongst divisions for variables of interest. A p value of < 5% was used to judge statistically significant differences. Results showed that all respondents judged OFSP varieties to be better than other potato varieties with respect to: early maturity, yield, multiple utilization, nutritional value, and taste (p<0.05). Respondents who had received nutrition education had better knowledge than other respondents related to vitamin A, OFSP as a source of vitamin A and attitudes towards health and child health practices (p<0.05). About 60% of the respondents that received nutrition education correctly identified at least two sources of vitamin A compared to about 40% for respondents without nutrition education. Results from a seven (7) day recall showed significantly higher consumption of foods that are rich in Vitamin A by respondents from divisions that received nutrition education (p<0.05). Similarly, significantly more respondents who had nutrition education had positive attitudes toward Vitamin A utilization.
Archileo N. Kaaya,
Nutrition Education Influences Vitamin A-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Child Caregivers Towards the Production of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato in Uganda, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2015, pp. 38-47.
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