Assessment of Adult Nutritional Status and Associated Factors Among ART Users in Nekemte Referral Hospital and Health Center, East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia
Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 56-63
Received: Feb. 19, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 10, 2015; Published: Mar. 21, 2015
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Authors
Meskerem Alemayehu Kenea, Gatema Secondary High School, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Sileshi Garoma, Nutrition and Food Science program, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Habtamu Fekadu Gemede, Nutrition and Food Science program, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia; Center for Food Science and Nutrition, Addis Ababa University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
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Abstract
The aim of this study was to assess nutritional status and associated risk factors of patients living with HIV/AIDS following Anti Retro viral Therapy at Nekemte Referral Hospital and Nekemte health center, Ethiopia. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted from January 15, 2013 to March, 2013 in Nekemte Referral Hospital and health center. A total of 423 ART users are selected by systematic random sampling technique from all adult ART clients will be included in the study area. The data will be collected by one physician, three nurses, two Health Officers and three data clerks. Clinical assessments, measurements of height and weight and structured questionnaire based interview will be used for data collection after the proper consent and ethical clearance. In this study the prevalence of malnutrition in HIV/AIDS clients who attend ART was (27%). Both HIV/AIDS and malnutrition independently cause progressive damage to the immune system and increased susceptibility to infection. ART interruption and presence of opportunistic infection (tuberculosis) were significantly associated with nutritional statuses of the adults on the ART in Nekemte referral hospital and Nekemte health center. In Nekemte Referral Hospital and Nekemte Health center clients are malnourished due to the associated factors such as presence of opportunistic infection that is tuberculosis. From 19 clients that have TB (75.9%) of them are mal nourished and interrupting treatment was seen to contribute to malnutrition for the respondents. Awareness creation should be made for not to interrupt ART since effective treatment with ART reduces the chance of progression to active TB.
Keywords
Adult, Nutritional status, ART, Nekemte Referral Hospital and Health Center, Associated Factors
To cite this article
Meskerem Alemayehu Kenea, Sileshi Garoma, Habtamu Fekadu Gemede, Assessment of Adult Nutritional Status and Associated Factors Among ART Users in Nekemte Referral Hospital and Health Center, East Wollega Zone, Ethiopia, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 56-63. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20150302.15
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