Exclusive Breast Feeding Practice and Associated Factors Among Mothers in Debre Markos Town and Gozamen District, East Gojjam Zone, North West Ethiopia
Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2015, Pages: 174-179
Received: Jul. 8, 2015; Accepted: Jul. 27, 2015; Published: Aug. 5, 2015
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Authors
Yeshamble Sinshaw, Gozamin District Education Office, East Gojjam Zone, Debre Markos town, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Kassahun Ketema, Gozamin District Education Office, East Gojjam Zone, Debre Markos town, Debre Markos, Ethiopia; Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
Mulugeta Tesfa, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
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Abstract
Background: Breastfeeding is an important public health strategy for improving infant and child morbidity and mortality. It plays a great role in preventing morbidity and mortality in first six months. It is one of the six targets in global nutrition set to increase it practice by 50% by 2025. Despite its great benefits, the prevalence in Ethiopia is only 52% with limited information on associated factors. Objective: To assess exclusive breastfeeding practices and associated factors in Debre Markos town and Gozamen district, East Gojjam Zone, North West Ethiopia, 2015. Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in May 2015. A total of 483 mothers were randomly selected. Semi-structured and pretested questionnaires were administered to collect data. One day training was given for data collectors and supervisors. The collected data was entered in to Epidata version 3.1, cleaned and transported to SPSS windows version 16.0 then analyzed. The crude and adjusted odds ratio (AOR) together with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals was computed. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was computed to identify factors associated EBF. A P-value<0.05 was considered to declare a result as statistically significant in this study. Results: The prevalence of exclusive breast-feeding was 89(55%) and 207(64%) in Debre Markos town and Gozamen district respectively. In Debre Markos town, being unemployed (AOR=2.77, 95%CI= [1.13, 6.74]), and counseling on EBF during Antenatal care (ANC) (AOR=4.02, 95%CI= [1.65, 9.78]), were significantly associated. Whereas in Gozamen district, mothers age15-35 (AOR=2.55, 95%CI= (1.27, 5.1]), counseling on EBF during ANC (AOR=5.7, 95%CI= [2.62, 12.3]), and colostrums feeding (AOR= 2.24 95%CI= (1.28, 3.9]) were significantly associated. Conclusions: The prevalence exclusive breast-feeding in both areas was lower than the target set by Ethiopia ministry of health at the end of 2015, (70%). Unemployment, getting counseling during ANC was significant factors in Debre Markos town whereas maternal ages, getting counseling during ANC, and early initiation of breastfeeding were significant factors in Gozamen district. Giving emphasis to promoting the EBF should be given and strengthen ANC counseling.
Keywords
Exclusive Breastfeeding, Colostrum, Infants, Mothers, Ethiopia
To cite this article
Yeshamble Sinshaw, Kassahun Ketema, Mulugeta Tesfa, Exclusive Breast Feeding Practice and Associated Factors Among Mothers in Debre Markos Town and Gozamen District, East Gojjam Zone, North West Ethiopia, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 174-179. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20150305.12
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