Lactic acid bacteria widely used in food preservation at refrigerator temperatures due to their ability produce high amount of hydrogen peroxide and/or other antibacterial substances at refrigerator temperatures to inhibit food-borne pathogens and psychrophilic spoilage microorganisms. In order to improve of bio-preservation efficacy of Lactobacillus acidophilus GH 201 mutations causing resistance to rifampicin (rif) were used. Among UV-mutagenized population of L. acidophilus five Rif mutants producing high amounts of H2O2 were selected. Rif mutants produced significant amounts of hydrogen peroxide 50-55 μg/ml in sodium phosphate buffer (0.2 M, pH 6.5) and in beef broth (BB) at 5°C for 5 days submerged cultivation without of growth. The mutants possess higher impact against food-borne pathogen Escherichia coli O157: H7 at refrigeration temperatures and for 3 days reduces the pathogen total amount practically undetectable level. Rif mutants L. acidophilus reduced initial amount 2x10 of E. coli O157: H7 in ground beef up to 3 log for 3 days of solid-state cocultivation when the wild strain reduced only 2 log. The application of L. acidophilus GH 201 mutants did not cause any changes in sensory characteristics of ground beef, moreover promotes expanding of shelf-life due to inhibition of psychrophilic spoilage microorganisms.
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