Parents’ Practices Associated with Aflatoxin Contamination and Control of Complementary Foods in Central Tanzania
Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 6, November 2016, Pages: 152-161
Received: Oct. 22, 2016; Accepted: Nov. 3, 2016; Published: Nov. 25, 2016
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Authors
Selestin Ngoma, Department of Food Technology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania; Department of Public Health, The University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
Bendantukuka Tiisekwa, Department of Food Technology, Nutrition and Consumer Sciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Dismas Mwaseba, Department of Agriculture Extension and Community Development, Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania
Martin Kimanya, Department of Food Biotechnology and Nutrition Sciences, The Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Arusha, Tanzania
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Abstract
Parents’ practices that are associated with aflatoxin contamination and control in complementary foods were studied in Central Tanzania. A descriptive cross-sectional survey using interviewer-administered structured pretested questionnaire was conducted among 364 randomly selected parents of children aged between 6-23 months, and the mean age (SD) of the respondents was 30 (8.3) years old. The majority 33.2% of the participants harvest their crops in April followed by June which is 26.6%, March which is 21.2% and May which is 19% of all the participants. Most processing activities like dehulling, milling, drying, storage were analysed. The statistical packages SPSS (version 21) computer software packages were used to analyze the data. The results of logistic regression model for dehulling crops confirmed that respondents with less than or with US$ 22.8 as monthly income (OR=0.250, 95% CI: 0.111-0.564) were significantly 0.3 less likely to dehull crops (p<0.05) than respondents who earned more than US$. 22.8. On the other hand, petty trader participants (OR =3.712, 95% CI: 1.420-9.699) were significantly almost 4 times more with a tendency of dehulling the crops (p<0.05) than farmers. The study team recommends that parents should be trained on appropriate methods of drying, storage, and dehulling their crops after harvesting in order to control fungal and aflatoxin infestation. In addition, research on harvesting time, drying, storage, and dehulling practices of crops in Tanzanian is needed.
Keywords
Aflatoxin, Parents, Post-harvest Practices, Complementary Foods
To cite this article
Selestin Ngoma, Bendantukuka Tiisekwa, Dismas Mwaseba, Martin Kimanya, Parents’ Practices Associated with Aflatoxin Contamination and Control of Complementary Foods in Central Tanzania, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 4, No. 6, 2016, pp. 152-161. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20160406.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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