Food and Nutrition Security Potential of Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica); A Tuberous Crop Indigenous to Ethiopia: A Review
Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences
Volume 7, Issue 2, March 2019, Pages: 34-38
Received: Mar. 5, 2019; Accepted: Apr. 10, 2019; Published: Jun. 28, 2019
Views 114      Downloads 32
Adugna Mosissa, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Wollega University, Shambu, Ethiopia
Yetenayet Bekele, Department of Postharvest Management, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Tarekegn Berhanu, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Root and tuber crops have potential contribution to the global food system in terms of food and nutrition security. They also contribute a major share in the traditional food systems of many people in Ethiopia. Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica) is one of tuberous crops endemic in Ethiopia and originating from Southwestern parts of the country, particularly in East Wollega Zone of Oromia Region. The crop total yield is about 150-180 quintals per hectare. Nutritionally, anchote is a good source of carbohydrates, proteins, minerals and fibers. Its protein content is by far greater than other root crops and also contains adequate quality of essential amino acids. Despite its nutritional value and potential productivity, little attention is given to anchote to promote and develop as food crop. Furthermore, the crop has advantages in human nutrition, animal feed, medicinal, social/cultural, economic and industrial raw material; that makes it important food crop. Anchote is traditionally processed by boiling. When required, further processing (cooking) may also be applied prior to consumption. Except anchote stew (locally called “ittooancootee”), there is no value added commercial product produced from the crop. Therefore, the crop should be well adapted, promoted, researched and improved to support fo
Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica), Food Security, Nutrition Security, Nutritional Composition
To cite this article
Adugna Mosissa, Yetenayet Bekele, Tarekegn Berhanu, Food and Nutrition Security Potential of Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica); A Tuberous Crop Indigenous to Ethiopia: A Review, Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 2, 2019, pp. 34-38. doi: 10.11648/j.jfns.20190702.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Mekbib, Y. &Deressa, T. (2016). Exploration and collection of root and tuber crops in east Wollega and Ilu Ababora Zones: Rescuing declining genetic resource. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 15 (1), 86-92.
The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank. (2012). Combating Malnutrition in Ethiopia, an Evidence-Based Approach for Sustained Results, Washington.
Abera, G. &Gudeta, H. (2007). Response of Anchote (CocciniaAbyssinica) to Organic and Inorganic Fertilizers Rates and Plant Population Density in Western Oromia, Ethiopia. East African Journal of Sciences, 1 (2), 120-126.
Fekadu, H. (2014). Nutritional composition, antinutritional factors and effect of boiling on nutritional composition of Anchote (CocciniaAbyssinica) tubers. Food Science and Quality Management, 26, 25-38.
Parmar, A., Gebre, A. B., Legesse, A., Demelash, Y., Fladung, K. and Hensel, O. (2017). Nutritional Comparison of White and Red CocciniaAbyssinica (Lam.) Cong. Accessions: An Under-Utilised Edible Tuber of the Ethiopian Highlands. Communication, Foods 2017, 6, 71.
Ayalew, Y., Retta, N., Desse, G., Mohammed, A. &Mellesse, A. (2017). Amino acid profile and protein quality in tuber and leaf of Coccniaabyssinica (Lam.) (Cogn.) accessions of Ethiopia. Food SciNutr, 5, 722–729.
Fekadu, H., Beyene, F. and Haki D. G. (2014). Evaluation of bioavailability and sensory preference of processed Anchote (CocciniaAbyssinica) tubers in Eastern Wollega, Ethiopia. Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences, 2 (1), 1-12.
Abera, G. & Haile, D. (2015). Yield and nutrient concentration of Anchote [Cocciniaabyssinica (Lam.) Cogn.] affected by harvesting dates and in-situ storage. African Journal of Crop Science, 3 (5), 156-161.
Ayalew, Y. (2016). Nutritional and Phytochemical Evaluation of Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica) (Lam.) (Cogn.) Accessions to Promote its Contribution for Food Security and Medicinal Use. PhD Dissertation in Food Science and Nutrition, Addis Ababa University.
Wondimu, T., Alamerew, S., Ayana, A. &Garedew, W. (2014). Genetic Diversity Analysis among Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica) Accessions in Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Research, 9 (3), 149-157.
Tolera, S. B. (2017). Morphological and Molecular Genetic Diversity and Cytogenetics of Cultivated Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica (Lam.) Cogn) from Ethiopia. PhD Dissertation, Department of Microbial Cellular and Molecular Biology, Addis Ababa University.
Fekadu, D. (2011). Phenotypic and Nutritional Characterization of Anchote [Cocciniaabyssinica (Lam.) Cogn] Accessions of Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis, Jimma University, Ethiopia.
Yassin, H., Mohammed, A., Fekadu, D., &Hussen S. (2013). Effect of Flower Bud Removal on Growth and Yield of Anchote Root (Cocciniaabyssinica (Lam.) Cogn.) Accessions at Bishoftu. Advanced Research Journal of Plant and Animal Sciences, 1 (1), 7-13.
Mengesha, D., Belew, D., Gebreselessie, W. and Sori, W. (2012). Growth and Yield Performance of Anchote [Cocciniaabyssinica (Lam.) Cogn.] in Response to Contrasting. Asian Journa of Plant Science, 11 (4), 172-181.
Yambo Y. &Feyissa T. (2013). Micropropagation of anchote [Cocciniaabyssinica (Lam.) Cogn.]: High calcium content tuber crop of Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8 (46), 5915-5922.
Edem, I. D &Nkereuwem, M. E. (2015). Crucial Roles of Tuber Crops and the Development Activities in the Global Food System. American Journal of Agricultural Science, 2 (2), 42-49.
Guma, B. T., Jane, K., Justus, O. &Kariuki N. P. (2015). Standardization Of In Vitro Sterilization and Callus Induction Protocol for Leaf Explants of Anchote: CocciniaAbyssinica. International Journal of Research and Development in Pharmacy and Life Sciences, 4 (2), 1427-1433.
Desalegn, B. B., Tadesse, T. F., & Haile, D. (2015). Physical and Proximate Characterization of Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica) Accessions Grown under Hawassa and Wondo Genet Conditions, Southern Ethiopia. Food Science and Quality Management, 42, 62-74.
Bekele, F., Abera, B. and Getahun, M. 2013. In vitro propagation of Anchote (Cocciniaabyssinica) (Lam.) Cogn.]. African Journal of Plant Science, 7 (6), 253-264.
Shebabaw, H. (2013). Effect of Processing on Physicochemical and Antinutritional Factors of “Anchote”(CocciniaAbyssinica) and Development of Value Added Biscuit. Masters Thesis, Department of Chemical Engineering, Addis Ababa Institute of Technology.
Fekadu, H., Beyene, F. &Desse, G. (2013). Effect of Traditional Processing Methods on Nutritional Composition and Anti-nutritional Factors of Anchote (CocciniaAbyssinica (lam.) Cogn) Tubers Grown in Western Ethiopia. J Food Process Technol, 4 (7), 1-8.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186