Analysis of Set Shot in Basketball in Relation with Time to Perform the Course and Displacement of Center of Gravity
The purpose of the study was to analysis of the technique of set shot while attempting free throws with the performance, in relation with time to perform the course and displacement of center of gravity. Sixty National level male basketball players of three different height groups i.e. Group I: 5’5’’ to 5’8’’,Group II: 5’9” to 6’ and Group III: 6’ 1” to 6’4”,(20 in each group) were selected as subjects for the study. The data was obtained from two given positions (i) Moment of stance in set shot and (ii) Moment of release of ball in set shot. Total ten attempts were given and the successful shots marked as score out of ten as criterion measure of performance. Four Digital Video cameras Sony 2100 series were used in order to register the technique of set shot while attempting set shot. The films were analyzed by using standard motion analyzer. With regard to purpose of the study techniques of product moment correlation and analysis of variance were applied. In order to check the significance, level of significance was set at 0.05. It was found that there is significant relationship between the time to perform the course and the performance in set shot of different height group players in basketball and there is no significant relationship found between the displacement of center of gravity and the performance of set shot of different height group players in basketball and therefore, the selected variable puts no impact on the performance of set shot. It was also concluded that Time to perform the course had lowest impact (7%) in the performance. Further it was concluded that displacement of center of gravity was significantly different in first group (5’5’’ to 5’8’’) from the other two groups.
Mandeep Singh Nathial,
Analysis of Set Shot in Basketball in Relation with Time to Perform the Course and Displacement of Center of Gravity, American Journal of Sports Science.
Vol. 2, No. 5,
2014, pp. 122-126.
Aboub, M.A. (2010). “A Biomechanical Model for the Upper Extremity Using Optimizational Structure of Kinesiology”, Journal of Physical Education, Pb., Vol. 20, pp.120-121.
Anndrews, J.G. (1995). “Strength Curves for Multiple - Joint Single Degree of Freedom Exercises”, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 18, p.226.
Andrzej W. and Elisaz J. (2004). “Kinematic Analysis of Handball Throws”, Annual Publishing-Poland Polish Air Force Institute of Medicine-II, p.37.
Asami, Takkaaki, and Toketo (1978). “An Analytical Study on the Position of the Center of Gravity in the Osae-waza (Art of Holding) in Judo”. Bulletin of the Association for the Scientific Studies on Judo, Repsort V Tokyo: Kodokan.
Aydin, Bergün and Mensure (2009). “Kinematic Analysis of Over Arm Movements for Different Sports”, Journal of Kinsiology, Vol. 41, pp.105-111.
Barfield, R.W. (2002). “Kinematic Instep Kicking Differences between Elite Female and Male Soccer Players”, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Vol. 72,pp.286-294.
Beach, Clark Richard (1984). “Kinematic Analysis of Spatial and Temporal Errors in Rapid Timing Tasks”, Dissertation Abstract International, Vol. 44, p.270-A.
Boyson, J.P. (1977). “Interactive Computer Graphics in the Study of Human Body Planner Motion under Free Fall Conditions”, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 10, pp.783-787.
Coh M. (2003). “Cathy Freeman’s sprinting Technique”, Track Coach, pp.4988-4992.
Claessens, A. (1987). “Somatotype and Body Structure of World Top Judoists”, The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, Vol. 27, pp.105-113.
Cook, E.B. and Wherry, R.J. (1950). “A Statistical Evaluation of Physical Fitness Tools”, Research Quarterly, Vol. 21, pp.94-111.
Dawson and Lov (1984). “Relationship of Selected Kinematic Variables to in High Jump”, A Review of Literature - Athletic Training, Vol. 14, pp.161-164.
Dapena, Jesus (1985). “Systematic Error in Three-Dimensional Coordinates within a Large Object - Space when Using DLT & NLT Methods of Three Dimensional Cinematography”, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 18, p.230.
Deol, N.S., S. Mandeep and Gill, M. (2014). “Physical Education for Special People: A Kinematical Analysis”, HPE Forum Bi-annual Professional Journal, Vol. 08, pp.47-50.
Deusinger, Robert H. (1969). “A Kinetic Analysis of the Book Break Fall and Force of Impact in Judo”, Completed Research in Health, Physical Education and Recreation, Vol. 11, pp.145-146.
Greenwald, Rosca and Morra (2009). “Assessment of Influence of Contemporary Knee Design on High Flexion”, Human Mov. Sci., Vol. 16, pp.457–467.
Greeve, D.w. (1969). “A Device Called The Polon for the Measurement of the Orientation of Parts of the Relative to a Fixed Externalo Axis”, Journal of Physiology, Vol. 07, p.201.
Guimaraes R. and Cliquet (2009). “Kinematic Analysis of the Knee when Climbing up/down Stairs in Patellofemoral Instability”, Acta. Ortop. Bras., pp.157-154.
Huang Chi (2009). “Biomechanics of Standing Long Jump with Handheld Weight”, Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 17, pp.574-575.
Hutto, Louis E. (1938). “Measurement of the Velocity Factor and of Athletic Power in High School Boys”, Research Quarterly, Vol. 39, p.109.
Ikai, M. and Matsumoto Y. (2014). “The Kinetics of Judo”, Bulletin of the Association for the Scientific Studies on Judo, Report I Tokyo: Kodokan.
Ikai, M. (1968). “Electromyographic Studies on the Nagewaza (Throwing Techniques) of Judo”, Bulletin of the Association for the Scientific Studies on Judo, Report II Tokyo: Kodokan.
Kelly McKean (2009). “Kinematic & Kinetic Differences between Male & Female Soccer Players”, ISB XXth Congress - ASB 29th Annual Report, Cleveland, Ohio, p.458.
Kim L. (1979). “Kinematical Analysis of the Flight Phase in the Long Jump”, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 12, pp.147-157.
Kitagawa, Onishi and Kato (2001). “Kinematical Variables of Underwater Running and Walking”, IEEE Annual Int. Conf. on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Charlottesville, VA.
Lusin, G.F. (1979). Gajdosik, R.L. and Miller, K.E., “Goniometry: A Review of the Literature”, Athletic Training, Vol. 14, pp.161-164.
Miller, D.I. (1978). “Biomechanics of Running what should the Future Hold”, Canadian Journal of Applied Sport Sciences, Vol. 3, pp.229-236.
Miura, S. (1970). “An Electrogoniometric Study of a Judo Throwing Technique”, Judo Throwing Technique, Vol. 42, pp.51-57.
Motoyasu, Koshiyama and Katsumata (2009). “Effects of Joint Movement on the Accuracy of 3-point Shooting in Basketball”, Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 17, pp.85-93.
Murtaugh and Karen (2001). “Initiating Rotation in Back and Reverse Arm Stand Triple Somersault Tuck Dives”, Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 17, pp.21-27.
Nesbit S.M. (2005). “A Kinematic and Kinetic Study of the Golf Swing”, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Vol. 4, pp.499-509.
Rojas F.J., Cepero and Gutierrez (2000). “Kinematic Adjustments in the Basketball Jump Shot against An Opponent”, Annual Ergonomics, Vol. 43, pp.1651-1660.
S. Mandeep (2010). “Evaluation and Improvement of Sports Techniques through Biomechanical Updated Analyzing Technology”, University News - Special Issue, Association of Indian University, Vol. 48, pp.54-57.
Soo Chung (2013). “Analysis of Motion of the Striking Arm and Related Muscular/Joint Activities in Volleyball Spike”, Dissertation Abstract International, Vol. 77, pp.48-49.
Smith R., Bake M. and Fiatarone (2009). “Gait and Posture in Arthritic and Healthy Knees”, Scientia Iranica, Vol. 3, pp.257-261.
Winter, D.A. (1974). “Measurement anpd Reduction of Noise in Kinematics of Locomotio”, Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 7, pp.157-159.
Zernicke, R.F. (1976). “Fitting Biomechanical Data with Cubic Spline Functions”, Research Quarterly, Vol. 45, pp.9-19.
Zhou Fou (2009). “Kinematical Research on Elite Chine’s Male 3m Spring Board Divers”, Human Mov. Sci., Vol. 16, pp.259-274.