American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2015, Pages: 18-28
Received: Jan. 17, 2015;
Accepted: Feb. 6, 2015;
Published: Feb. 11, 2015
Views 3894 Downloads 490
Donny Wira Yudha Kusuma, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China ; Sport Faculty, Semarang State University, Semarang, Indonesia
Hermawan Pamot Raharjo, Sport Faculty, Semarang State University, Semarang, Indonesia
Mulawarman Sudjito Taathadi, Central China Normal University, Wuhan, China ; Education Faculty, Semarang State University, Semarang, Indonesia
In every sport there are different agility demands, and agility measurement was supposed to be different. However, existing tools for measurement agility is considered not valid and reliable for measuring agility in badminton. The purpose of this study is to create agility test which is valid and reliable for badminton. For the purpose of this study, we recruited twenty students (10 badminton students of sport faculty and 10 professional badminton athletes, age range between 17 – 21 yr) by using R & D method. There are six stages; (1) analysis needed; (2) design; (3) prototype; (4) testing; (5) revision; and (6) validity and reliability of the test. Min K. Chin test was adopted to create a Badminton Agility Test (BAT) then inserted additional tools of computer software and hardware to facilitate the operation. Result of the quality and feasibility testing are: (1) the panel was slippery; (2) avoid confusion when start. The solutions of quality and feasibility are; (1) to replace the tread surface with non-slip material, rubber carpet is the most logical choice; (2) adding a sound signal when to start the test. The reliability value of BAT was 0.884, and validity of each item (rcount) were 0.864; 0.884; 0.869; 0.867; 0.858; 0.885; 0.862; 0.863. Statistical analysis revealed that the correlation coefficient is greater than the correlation coefficient table (r count > r table), suggesting that the BAT is reliable and valid to measuring badminton agility. Due to movement specificity, the BAT has significance for badminton agility assessment.
Donny Wira Yudha Kusuma,
Hermawan Pamot Raharjo,
Mulawarman Sudjito Taathadi,
Introducing a New Agility Test in Badminton, American Journal of Sports Science.
Vol. 3, No. 1,
2015, pp. 18-28.
Anderson, Gary, (2013). Badminton footwork techniques. Retrieved from http://www.teacherswhocoach.co.uk/2013/03/26/badminton-footwork-techniques/
Arikunto, Suharsimi, (2002). Prosedur Penelitian; Suatu Pendekatan Praktek (Research procedures; A Practice Approach). 5th rev ed. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.
Azwar, Syaifuddin, (2007). Reliabilitas dan Validitas (Reliability and Validity). 3rd ed. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Badminton Australia. (2012, April). Fitness testing. Retrieved from http://www.badminton.org.au/development/junior-programs/fitness-testing
Badminton Bible. Elements of badminton movement. Retrieved from http://www.badmintonbible.com/articles/footwork/movement-elements/. Accessed on 2015 January 12th.
Bernd V. Brahms, (2010) Badminton Handbook: Training – Tactics – Competition. Maidenhead: Meyer & Meyer Sport (UK) Ltd.
Benjamin G. Serpell, Matthew Ford, and Warren B. Young, (2010). The development of a new test of agility for rugby league. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24(12)/3270–3277
Bezier, T, Lloyd, D, Auckland, T, and Cochrane, J. (2001).Anticipatory effects on knee joint loading during running and cutting man oeuvres. Med Sci Sports Exerc 33: 1176–1181.
Borg, W. R., & Gall, M. D. (1989). Educational research. New York: Longman
Borg, W. R., Meredith D. Gall, and Joyce P. Gall (2003). Educational research. Seventh Ed. New York: Longman
Davis, B. et al. (2000) Training for physical fitness. In: Davis, B. et al. Physical Education and the study of sport. Spain: Harcourt Publishers, p.121-122
Draper, J. A., & Lancaster, M. G. (1985). The 505 test: A test for agility in the horizontal plane. Australian Journal for Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(1), 15 18.
Farrow, D, Young, W, and Bruce, L. (2005). The development of a test of reactive agility for netball: A new methodology. J Sci Med Sport 8: 52–60.
Garry L. Johnson and Jack K. Nelson (1979).Practical Measurements for Evaluation in Physical Education. Minnesota. Burgess Publishing Company
Grice, Tony. (2008) Badminton : Steps to Success. Human Kinetics. United States of America 2nd ed.
Hastad, D. N., & Lacy, A. C. (1994). Measurement and evaluation in physical education and exercise science (2nd edn.). Scottsdale, Z: Gorsuch Scarisbrick.
Karren D. Tolliver (2008, June). Badminton Agility Training. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.co.uk/about_12235231_badminton-agility-training.html
Keane W. Wheeler and Mark G.L. Sayers. (2010). Modification of agility running technique in reaction to a defender in rugby union. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2010) 9, 445-451
Ming-Kai Chin, Alison SK Wong, Raymond C H So, Oswald T Siu, Kurt Steininger and Diana T L Lo. (1995). Sport specific fitness testing of elite badminton players. Br J Sports Med 1995; 29: 153-157).
Mysql — The MySQL Command-Line Tool, MySQL Reference Manual. Retrieved from http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/mysql.html. access date 2014, December 30th
Mysqladmin – the MySQL command-line tool, MySQL Reference Manual. Retrieved from http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/mysqladmin.html., access date 2014, December 30th
MySQL Client Programs, MySQL Reference Manual. Retrieved from http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/programs-client.html. access date 2014, December 30th
MySQL Tools Family, SQLMaestro Group. Retrieved from http://www.sqlmaestro.com/products/mysql/. access date 2014, December 30th
MySQL GUI Tools, WebYog. Retrieved from https://www.webyog.com/. access date 2014, December 30th
HeidiSQL, HeidiSQL MySQL GUI. Retrieved from http://www.heidisql.com/. access date 2014, December 30th
MySQL Workbench, MySQL Downloads. Retrieved from http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/workbench/. access date 2014, December 30th
Official badminton http://www.officialbadminton.com/countries_badminton_is_played_in.php. Retreived 3.2.2012.
Priyatno, Dwi. (2010). Paham analisa statistic data dengan SPSS (Understanding data statistic analysis with SPSS). Yogyakarta. MediaKom.
Sajoto, M. (1988). Pembinaan Kondisi Fisik dalam Olahraga (Physical Conditions in Sports Coaching). Jakarta. Depdikbud.
Sekaran, Uma. (1992). Research methods for business, a skill building approach, 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley n Sons.
Sheppard, J and Young, W. (2006).Agility literature review: Classifications, training and testing. J Sport Sci 24: 919–932,
Sheppard, J, Young, W, Doyle, T, Sheppard, T, and Newton, R. (2006). An evaluation of a new test of reactive agility and its relationship to sprint speed and change of direction speed. J Sci Med Sport 9: 342–349.
Steininger K, Wodick RE. (1987). Sports-specific fitness testing in squash. Br J Sports Med; 21: 23-6.
Tancred, B. (1995) Key Methods of Sports Conditioning. Athletics Coach, 29 (2), p. 19
Techterm, (2007, March). MySQL. Retrieved from http://techterms.com/definition/mysql.
Tohar. (1992). Olahraga Pilihan: Bulutangkis (Sport Options: Badminton). Semarang. IKIP Semarang.
Top End Sports (2012) .Tests of Agility. Retrieved from http://www.topendsports.com/testing/agility.htm#
Trihendradi, C. (2011). Langkah mudah melakukan analisis statistic menggunakan SPSS 19 (Step easily perform statistical analysis using SPSS 19). Yogyakarta. Andi offset.
Young, W, James, R, and Montgomery, J. (2002). Is muscle power related to running speed with changes of direction? J Sports Med Phys Fitness 42: 282–288.
Young, W., & Farrow, D. (2006). A Review of Agility: Practical Applications for Strength and Conditioning. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 28(5), 24-29.