Electromyographic Analysis of Selected Upper Extremity Muscles during Jump Throwing in Handball
American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2015, Pages: 79-84
Received: Jun. 19, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 29, 2015; Published: Jul. 8, 2015
Views 4794      Downloads 181
Sherif Ali Taha, Faculty of Physical Education, Kafr El-Sheikh University, Kafr El-Sheikh, Egypt
Abdel-Rahman Ibrahim Akl, Faculty of Physical Education, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Mohamed Ahmed Zayed, Faculty of Physical Education, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Article Tools
Follow on us
The purpose of this study was to determine upper extremity selected muscles activity of throwing performance in handball and work-loading to determine the percentage contribution of the muscles that more activation during throwing performance. Five male high level handball players participated in this study were (age: 20.5 ± 0.53 years; body mass: 81.00 ± 3.16 kg; height: 186.5 ± 3.69 cm). The EMG activity of the selected upper extremity muscles was measured using an 16-channel surface EMG system (ME6000 telemetric hardware system, Mega Electronics Ltd., FINLAND), Bipolar, Ag/AgCl surface electrodes (SKINTACT, FS-521), Innsbruck, Austria) were placed over the motor point of each muscle, and the EMG signals were acquired at a sampling rate of 1000 Hz with the MEGAWIN version 3.1-b12 software. Results showed the activities and arrangement of selected muscles were Deltoid muscle - medial part 1268.20±133.93 (38.70%), Flexor of the wrist 462.00±89.04 (16.30%), Flexor carpi ulnaris 439.30±33.87 (14.40%), Biceps brachii muscle 364.90±31.34 (12.90%), Rectus abdominis muscle 314.80±48.94 (9.70%), and Pectoralis major muscle 225.90±36.70 (8.00%). The rational for using sEMG to study muscle activation during a standardized jump throwing in handball is to provide a better understanding of muscle activation during this sport specific movement and muscle contributions during jump throwing in handball, and these data may be important for handball's coaches to jump throwing performance training.
EMG, Handball, Muscle Activation, Upper Limb, Throwing
To cite this article
Sherif Ali Taha, Abdel-Rahman Ibrahim Akl, Mohamed Ahmed Zayed, Electromyographic Analysis of Selected Upper Extremity Muscles during Jump Throwing in Handball, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2015, pp. 79-84. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20150304.13
Gorostiaga EM, Granados C, Ibanez J, Gonzalez-Badillo JJ, Izquierdo M. Effects of an entire season on physical fitness changes in elite male handball players. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2006; 38: 357-366.
Rivilla-García J, Navarro F, Grande I, Ignatova AS, Sampedro J. Differences throwing capacity between senior and u-18 men handball players. Serb J Sports Sci 2010; 4: 145-151.
Elliott BC, Armour J. The penalty throw in water polo: a cinematographic analysis. J Sports Sci 1988; 6: 103-114.
Fleck SJ, Smith SL, Craib MW, Denahan T, Snow RE, Mitchell MR. Upper extremity isokinetic torque and throwing velocity in team handball. J Strength Cond Res 1992; 6: 120–124.
Fradet L, Botcazou M, Durocher C, Cretual A, Multon F, Prioux J, et al. Do handball throws always exhibit a proximal-to-distal segmental sequence? J Sports Sci 2004; 22: 439-447.
Gorostiaga EM, Granados C, Ibanez J, Izquierdo M. Differences in physical fitness and throwing velocity among elite and amateur male handball players. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2005; 26: 225-232.
Joris HJ, van Muyen AJ, van Ingen Schenau GJ, Kemper HC. Force, velocity and energy flow during the overarm throw in female handball players. J Biomech 1985; 18: 409-414.
Pori P, Bon M, Sibila M. Jump shot performance in team handball. A kinematic model evaluated on the basis of expert modeling. International Journal of Fundamental and Applied Kinesiology 2005; 37: 40-49.
Van Den Tillaar R, Ettema G. A force-velocity relationship and coordination patterns in overarm throwing. Journal of sports science & medicine 2004; 3: 211-219.
Van Den Tillaar R, Ettema G. A three-dimensional analysis of overarm throwing in experienced handball players. J Appl Biomech 2007; 23: 12-19.
Wagner H, Muller E. The effects of differential and variable training on the quality parameters of a handball throw. Sports biomechanics / International Society of Biomechanics in Sports 2008; 7: 54-71.
Bayios IA, Boudolos KD. Accuracy and throwing velocity in handball. 16 International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports. Konstanz - Germany1998. p. 55–58.
Jones P, Lees A. A biomechanical analysis of the acute effects of complex training using lower limb exercises. J Strength Cond Res 2003; 17: 694-700.
Rousanoglou EN, Noutsos KS, Bayios IA, Boudolos KD. Electromyographic Activation Patterns during Handball Throwing By Experts and Novices. J Athl Enhancement 2014; 3: 1-8.
Zajac FE. Understanding muscle coordination of the human leg with dynamical simulations. J Biomech 2002; 35: 1011-1018.
Brown IE, Loeb GE. A reductionist approach to creating and using neuromusculoskeletal models. New York: Springer; 2000.
Gerritsen KG, van den Bogert AJ, Hulliger M, Zernicke RF. Intrinsic muscle properties facilitate locomotor control - a computer simulation study. Motor Control 1998; 2: 206-220.
Loeb GE, Brown IE, Cheng EJ. A hierarchical foundation for models of sensorimotor control. Exp Brain Res 1999; 126: 1-18.
Zajac FE, Neptune RR, Kautz SA. Biomechanics and muscle coordination of human walking. Part I: introduction to concepts, power transfer, dynamics and simulations. Gait & posture 2002; 16: 215-232.
Soderberg GL, Cook TM. An electromyographic analysis of quadriceps femoris muscle setting and straight leg raising. Physical therapy 1983; 63: 1434-1438.
Veiersted KB, Westgaard RH, Andersen P. Pattern of muscle activity during stereotyped work and its relation to muscle pain. International archives of occupational and environmental health 1990; 62: 31-41.
Narici MV, Roi GS, Landoni L, Minetti AE, Cerretelli P. Changes in force, cross-sectional area and neural activation during strength training and detraining of the human quadriceps. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology 1989; 59: 310-319.
Visnapuu M, Jurimae T. Handgrip strength and hand dimensions in young handball and basketball players. J Strength Cond Res 2007; 21: 923-929.
Escamilla RF, Andrews JR. Shoulder muscle recruitment patterns and related biomechanics during upper extremity sports. Sports Med 2009; 39: 569-590.
Ozgunen KT, Celik U, Kurdak SS. Determination of an Optimal Threshold Value for Muscle Activity Detection in EMG Analysis. Journal of sports science & medicine 2010; 9: 620-628.
Oliver GD, Plummer HA, Keeley DW. Muscle activation patterns of the upper and lower extremity during the windmill softball pitch. J Strength Cond Res 2011; 25: 1653-1658.
Rojas IL, Provencher MT, Bhatia S, Foucher KC, Bach BR, Jr., Romeo AA, et al. Biceps activity during windmill softball pitching: injury implications and comparison with overhand throwing. Am J Sports Med 2009; 37: 558-565.
Electronics M. MegaWin 3.0 Software User Manual. KUOPIO, FINLAND: Mega Electronics Ltd; 2008. p. 1-197.
Darwish K, Morsi K, Abozeid E. Measurement, Evaluation and Game analysis in Handball. Cairo, Egypt: Book Center; 2002.
Edouard P, Degache F, Oullion R, Plessis J-Y, Gleizes-Cervera S, Calmels P. Shoulder Strength Imbalances as Injury Risk in Handball. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2013; 34: 654-660.
Langevoort G, Myklebust G, Dvorak J, Junge A. Handball injuries during major international tournaments. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2007; 17: 400-407.
Nielsen AB, Yde J. An epidemiologic and traumatologic study of injuries in handball. Int J Sports Med 1988; 9: 341-344.
Seil R, Rupp S, Tempelhof S, Kohn D. Sports injuries in team handball. A one-year prospictive study of sixteen men's senior teams of a superior nonprofessional level. Am J Sports Med 1998; 26: 681-687.
Peng H, Peng H, Huang C. Electromyographic analysis of standing shot throw ISB Sixth Congress - ASB 29th Annual Meeting. Cleveland, Ohio2005.
Stephen M, Colin A, Terry R. EMG analysis of shoulder muscle fatigue during resisted isometric shoulder elevation. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2007; 17: 153–159.
Tsai C-L, Yang C-C, Mei-Shiu Lin K-SH, ShawShiun C. The surface EMG activity of the upper limb muscles of badminton forehand and backhand smashes. XXIV ISBS Symposium Salzburg – Austria 2006.
Digiovine NM, Jobe FW, Pink M, Perry J. An electromyographic analysis of the upper extremity in pitching. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 1992; 1: 15-25.
Sakaki Y, Kaneko F, Watanabe K, Kobayashi T, Katayose M, Aoki N, et al. Effects of different movement directions on electromyography recorded from the shoulder muscles while passing the target positions. Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology 2013; 23: 1362–1369.
Brekaa M, Akl A-R. Fundamentals of EMG measurement (Part 1). Alexandria, Egypt: Monshaat Elmaaref publisher; 2014.
Lippert LS. Clinical Kinesiology and Anatomy. Fifth ed. United States of America: F. A. Davis Company; 2011.
Bonnel F. Les muscles de la racine du membre supérieur (muscles of the root of the upper limb). In: Bonnel F, Chevrel JP, Outrequin G, editors. Anatomie clinique. Paris: Springer-Verlag; 1991. p. 52-66.
Balius R, Pedret C, Pacheco L, Gutierrez JA, Vives J, Escoda J. Rectus abdominis muscle injuries in elite handball players: management and rehabilitation. Open access journal of sports medicine 2011; 2: 69-73.
Glousman R, Jobe F, Tibone J, Moynes D, Antonelli D, Perry J. Dynamic electromyographic analysis of the throwing shoulder with glenohumeral instability. The Journal of bone and joint surgery American volume 1988; 70: 220-226.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186