Sports Facility Safety Plans: A Framework for Evaluation of Evacuation Times
American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016, Pages: 69-76
Received: May 22, 2016; Accepted: May 31, 2016; Published: Jun. 18, 2016
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Authors
Massimo de Falco, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy
Donato Di Stasi, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy
Carmine Novellino, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy
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Abstract
The objective of the work is to propose a model that can analyse the conformity of a stadium, sports field or other sports facility to Italian safety norms. The model serves in particular to analyse the adequacy of the facility ‘safety plan’ in terms of its definition of the stages, procedures and times for evacuation of the facility. The model is structured in modular form, beginning with an analysis of the conformity of the sports facility to the applicable norms. This first stage applies a series of purpose-developed checklists to describe the facility as defined by Ministerial Decrees 18/03/1996 and 06/06/2005. Following this, the facility is characterized in terms of its location, dimensions and structural type. The next stages are: i) the analysis and estimation of the evacuation times, on the basis of the information previously gathered on the facilities; ii) the evaluation of conformity with the safety plan for the particular facility, applying the results from the previous steps. The proposed framework can be used as an instrument in support of decision-making for improvement in the safety levels of the sports facility, through augmenting the effectiveness of procedures and equipment, while also considering the economic implications of the potential improvements.
Keywords
Safety, Framework, Sports Facilities, Evacuation, Italian Safety Norms
To cite this article
Massimo de Falco, Donato Di Stasi, Carmine Novellino, Sports Facility Safety Plans: A Framework for Evaluation of Evacuation Times, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2016, pp. 69-76. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20160404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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