Healthcare Professionals' Habits of Physical Activity and Their Confidence to Prescribe/Counsel Physical Activity in Hospital Setting, Ethiopia
American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages: 1-6
Received: Mar. 1, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 13, 2017; Published: Apr. 24, 2017
Views 2592      Downloads 126
Getu Teferi, Department of Sports Science, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
Harish Kumar, Department of Sports Science, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
Paramvir Singh, Department of Sports Science, Punjabi University, Patiala, India
Article Tools
Follow on us
The purpose of this study is to assess healthcare professionals’ physical activity habits and their confidence to prescribe for chronic (non-communicable) diseases in hospital setting through a cross-sectional survey design. Seven sample hospitals were selected randomly based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria from 12 hospitals. The sample size was determined by using the formula for estimating a single population proportion. The mean score of the participants' confidence was (N = 369, M= 21.7 ± 6.36), indicates that above half of healthcare professionals were had moderate confidence to counsel/prescribe physical activity. The majority of (73.7%) of healthcare professionals reported doing moderate level of physical activity, only 2.8% of participants in the study were categorized as vigorous and 23.5% of the respondents were categorized as low physical activity level. Personal physical activity levels was significantly and positively correlated with confidence of HCPs to prescribe/counsel PA (rs =.266, p =.00). Hence, the more physically active the participants, they were had a greater confidence to prescribe/counsel about physical activity for their patients.
Confidence, Physical Activity Level, Healthcare Professionals, Physical Activity Prescription
To cite this article
Getu Teferi, Harish Kumar, Paramvir Singh, Healthcare Professionals' Habits of Physical Activity and Their Confidence to Prescribe/Counsel Physical Activity in Hospital Setting, Ethiopia, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20170501.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
World Health Organization. (2013). Non Communicable Diseases. Retrieved 18 May 2016, from
Kohl HW, Craig CL, Lambert Enoue S, Alkandari JR, Leetongin G and Kahlmeier (2012). The Pandemic Of Physical Inactivity: Global Action For Public Health. Lancet; 380(9838): 294-305.
Rodgers, A., Ezzati, M., Vander Hoorn, S., Lopez, A., Lin, R., & Murray, C. (2004). Distribution of Major Health Risks: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study. PLoS Medicine, 1(1), e27.
Tudor-Locke C, Myers AM. (2001) Challenges and opportunities for measuring physical activity insedentary adults. Sports Med; 31 (2): 91-100.
Marrett, L. D., Theis, B., Ashbury, F. D. (2000). Workshop Report: Physical Activity and Cancer Prevention. Chronic Diseases In Canada, 21(4), 143-149.
Lee I, Shiroma EJ, Lobelo F, Puska P, Blair SN, & Katzmarzyk PT. (2012). Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet, 380, 219-229.
Royal College of Physicians. Exercise for life: physical activity in health and disease. London: RCP, 2012.
Börjesson M. (2013). Promotion of physical activity in the hospital setting. Dtsch Z Sportmed.;64: 162-165.
Jacobson, D., M., Strohecker, L., Compton, M., T., & Katz, D., L. (2005). Physical activity counseling in the Aault primary care setting: Position statement of the American College of Preventive Medicine. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 29(2):158-162.
Holub, C. K., Elder, J. P., Arredondo, E. M., Barquera, S., Eisenberg, C. M., Sánchez, L. M., Simoes, E. J. et al (2013). Obesity control in Latin American and U.S. Latinos: a systematic review.
2010 Meyer, P., Kayser, B., Kossovsky, M. P., Sigaud, P., Carballo, D., Keller, P. F.,. Mach, F. (2010). Stairs instead of elevators at workplace: cardio-protective effects of a pragmatic intervention. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 17(5):569-575.
Lobelo F., Duperly J. and Frank E.( 2009). Physical activity habits of doctors and medical students influence their counseling practices, Br J Sports Med;43:89–92.
Johansen KL, Sakkas GK, Doyle J, Shubert T, Dudley RA (2003). Exercise counseling practices among nephrologists caring for patients with dialysis. Am J Kidney Dis 41:171–178.
Buffart, L. M., van Der Poleg H. P., Smith, B. J., Kurko, J., King, L. and Bauman, A. E. (2009) General practitioners' perceptions and practices of physical activity counselling: changes over the past 10 years. British Journal of Sports Medicine 43, 1149-1153.
Physically Active Healthcare Providers More Likely to Give Physical Activity Counseling. American Heart Association Meeting Report. March 22, 2013.
Lobelo F. and de Quevedo (2015). The Evidence in Support of Physicians and Health Care Providers as Physical Activity Role Models.. Am J Lifestyle Med. 2014; 1.55982761352012E15.
Krejcie, R. V., & Morgan, D. W. (1970). Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30, 607-610.
Kroll, T., Kehn, M., Ho, P. S., Groah, S. (2007). The SCI exercise self-efficacy scale (ESES): Development and psychometric properties. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 4.
International Physical Activity Questionnaire(IPQ, 2005). Guidelines for Data Processing and Analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) – Short and Long Forms November 2005.
Guidelines for Data Processing and Analysis of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) - Short Form, Version 2.0. April 2004.
Getu T., Harish K. and Paramvir S. (2017). Physical Activity Prescription for Non-Communicable Diseases: Practices of Healthcare Professionals in Hospital Setting, Ethiopia; 4(1):54-60.
Banday AH, Want FA, Alris FFA., Alrayes MF2, and Alenzi MJ. A (2015). Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Physical Activity Among Primary Health Care Physicians in Aljouf Region of Saudi Arabia.. Mater Sociomed; 27(4): 263-266.
Alzahrani A. A, Alzahrani M. A, Alzahrani S. J. and Alzahrani M. J (2015). Physical activity among Saudi Board residents in Aseer region, Saudi Arabia; International Journal of Medical Science and Public Health; 4(6): 805-809.
Patra L., Mini G. K., Mathews E., and Thankappan K.
R. (2013). Doctors’ self-reported physical activity, their counselling practices and their correlates in urban Trivandrum, South India: should a full-service doctor be a physically active doctor?, Br J Sports Med 2015;49: 413–41.
Galaviz KI, Jauregui E, Fabrigar L, Latimer-Cheung A, Lopez y Taylor J, Lévesque L,(2015). Physical activity prescription among Mexican physicians: a structural equation analysis of the theory of planned behaviour. International Journal of ClinicalPractice,69(3)375-383.
Ahmed S. A ljaberi (2014). Assessment of Physical Activity (Counseling) at Primary Health Care Centers in Aseer Region, Saudi Ara Med. J. Cairo Univ.,82( 2): 207-213.
Kennedy M. F., and Meeuwisse W. H. (2003). Exercise counselling by family physicians in Canada; Preventive Medicin; 37, 226–232.
Vallance J. K, Wylie M., and MacDonald R. ( 2008). Medical students' self-perceived competence and prescription of patient-centered physical activity; Preventive Medicine 48 (2009) 164–166.
Suija K., Pechter U, Maaroos J, Kalda R, Rätsep A, Marje Oona1 and Heidi-Ingrid Maaroos1(2010). Physical activity of Estonian family doctors and their counselling for a healthy lifestyle: a cross-sectional study. BMC Family Practice, 11:48.
Stanford F. C, Durkin M. W, Stallworth J. R, Powell C. K, Poston M. B and Blair S. N (2014). Factors that Influence Physicians’ and Medical Students’ Confidence in Counseling Patients About Physical Activity. J Primary Prevent; 35:193–201.
Arefayne Mesfen, Abiot Kassaw, Belay Lema and Birhanu Anjte (2016). Assessing Towards the Perception of Physical Activities of People in Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases in the Case of Debre Berhan and Showa Robit Towns, American Journal of Sports Science; 4(4): 61-68.
Tefera1 TB, Woldemichael K, Tessema F, and Alemseged F. (2015). Epidemiology of Non-communicable Disease Risk Factors Among Adults Residing in Gilgel Gibe Field Research Centre, Jimma, South West Ethiopia; European Journal of Preventive Medicine: 3(4): 124-128.
Boryana Levterova, Georgy Levterov and Elena Dragova (2016). Quality of Life in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Bulgaria: A Cross - Sectional Study; European Journal of Preventive Medicine: 4(1): 7-12.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186