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Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Males and Females Practicing Swimming from Higher School of Zimbabwe
American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 8-11
Received: Jan. 16, 2017; Accepted: Apr. 1, 2017; Published: Jan. 17, 2018
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Dube Adiele, Department of Emergency Medical Care, Emergency Medical Ambulances Rescue Services, Kwekwe, Zimbabwe
Gundani Patrick Morgan, Department of Sports Science and Coaching, Faculty of Applied Sciences, National University of Science and Technology, Bulawayo, Zimbabwe
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An epidemiological survey was conducted to collect data relating to the prevalence and frequency of musculoskeletal injuries in Zimbabwean high school male and female swimmers. A questionnaire was administered on site thus ensuring that the response rate was 100 percent. Analysis of results revealed that of the 45 respondents there were 22 male (48.9%) and 23 female subjects (51.1%). A total of 27 swimmers (60% hence 16 male; 11 females); 59.26% and 40.74% respectively reported that they had musculoskeletal problems and pain mainly shoulder problems (males = 62% and females = 57.1%), followed by knee injuries (males = 20.6% and females = 16.7%), and low back pain region (males = 17.1% and females = 26.2%). There was a statistical significance in injury difference between male and female high school swimmers (t= 2.46, p= 0.031). Considering the difference of injuries with respect to strokes significant injuries difference were found in Back Strokes (p= 0.034) and Butterfly (p= 0.018). However, no significant difference were found in Breast Stroke (p= 0.567) and Crawl (p= 0.852). Musculoskeletal injuries are common in high school male and female swimmers. Correct stroke technique and stroke alterations may help to prevent injuries and care must be taken for their prevention and early safe return to play.
Musculoskeletal Injuries, Sprain, Strain, Swimmers
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Dube Adiele, Gundani Patrick Morgan, Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Injuries in Males and Females Practicing Swimming from Higher School of Zimbabwe, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 8-11. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20180601.12
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