Effects of a Physical Activity Intervention Program on Nutritional Status and Health-Related Physical Fitness of Thai Older Adults in Bangkok Metropolitan Area, Thailand
American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2018, Pages: 12-19
Received: Nov. 1, 2017; Accepted: Dec. 7, 2017; Published: Jan. 31, 2018
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Boonlerst Outayanik, Department of Physical Education, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
Andre Seabra, Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
Edwin Rosenberg, Department of Sociology and Social Work, Appalachian State University, North Carolina, USA
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Aging is frequently associated with a decrease in physical activity levels and consequently a decline in physical fitness, which may contribute to the development of osteoporosis, bone fractures, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome and cognitive impairment. This study sought to examine the effects of an 8-week physical activity intervention program on nutritional status and health-related physical fitness among Thai older adults. Thirty five healthy elder volunteers in Bangkok city and metropolitan area (aged 61-78 years) completed an 8-week physical activity intervention that comprises a nine matrices exercise (NME) program (5 sessions per week of 30-60 minutes). Measurements were taken at baseline and after 8 weeks, and included height, weight, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure and health-related physical fitness tests (6-minute walk, chair sit-and-reach, arm curl, back scratch, chair stand and 8-ft up and go). Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics and Pair sample t-test. The results found over an 8-week intervention study, participants significantly improved their weight (pre: 57.4±9.2; post: 56.7±9.0, P<0.003), BMI (pre: 22.40±0.5; post: 21.98±0.5, P<0.001,), cardiorespiratory fitness (pre: 447.9±38.1; post: 501.0±47.0, p=0.000), arm curl (pre: 15.8±2.9; post: 22.3± 3.8, p=0.000) and leg squat (pre: 13.4±1.7; post: 19.5±3.6, p=0.000) muscular strength, shoulder (pre: 0.4±7.6; post: 1.9±7.9, p=0.024) and lower back (pre: -0.8±10.5; post: 4.2±9.0, p=0.000) flexibility and agility and balance (pre: 8.2±0.5; post: 7.9±0.6, p= 0.000). Blood pressure did not change significantly during the study period (p > 0.05). This study demonstrated an 8-week NME program represents an effective strategy for improving nutritional status and health-related physical fitness of Thai older adults in Bangkok city and metropolitan area.
Physical Fitness, Nine Matrix Exercise, Health, Thai Aging
To cite this article
Boonlerst Outayanik, Andre Seabra, Edwin Rosenberg, Effects of a Physical Activity Intervention Program on Nutritional Status and Health-Related Physical Fitness of Thai Older Adults in Bangkok Metropolitan Area, Thailand, American Journal of Sports Science. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 12-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.20180601.13
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