Sports Injuries with Special Reference to Soccer: Causes, Consequences and Prevention Strategies
American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 24-30
Received: Feb. 6, 2015; Accepted: Feb. 8, 2015; Published: Mar. 5, 2015
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Authors
Surjani Chaterjee, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Neepa Banerjee, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Satabdi Bhattacharjee, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Tanaya Santra, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Ayan Chatterjee, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Sandipan Chatterjee, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Bijan Saha, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, IndiaHuman Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Shankarashis Mukherjee, Human Performance Analytics & Facilitation Unit, Dept. of Physiology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Indranil Manna, Dept. of Physiology, Midnapore College, Midnapore, India
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Abstract
Sports injury occurs during a sporting activity caused by overuse, direct impact, or the application of force that is greater than the body part can structurally withstand. Soccer is usually defined as a body contact outdoor game and therefore there is a chance of being injured by the opponents or due to not following proper playing rule or not using protective equipment. To maximize the health benefits of sports and exercise and to minimize the direct and indirect costs associated with injuries, developing and adopting injury prevention strategies is an important goal. Successful sports injury prevention programme requires successful implementation of effective interventions. This paper reviews the main mechanisms and risk factors for injuries to the head, groin, knee, ankle, muscle as well as the evidence supporting various strategies to prevent them. Approaches that have been shown to be successful include: (1) using protective equipment to reduce injury risk, (2) adopting the rules of play, and (3) specific exercise programmes developed to reduce injury risk.
Keywords
Sports Injury, Injury Mechanisms, Injury Prevention, Soccer
To cite this article
Surjani Chaterjee, Neepa Banerjee, Satabdi Bhattacharjee, Tanaya Santra, Ayan Chatterjee, Sandipan Chatterjee, Bijan Saha, Shankarashis Mukherjee, Indranil Manna, Sports Injuries with Special Reference to Soccer: Causes, Consequences and Prevention Strategies, American Journal of Sports Science. Special Issue: Science & Soccer. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 24-30. doi: 10.11648/j.ajss.s.2014020601.15
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