Somatotyping and Biomotor Features of Male Children of Chandauli and Mirzapur Districts of Uttar Pradesh, India
American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 4, Issue 1-1, February 2016, Pages: 9-14
Received: Oct. 14, 2015;
Accepted: Oct. 16, 2015;
Published: Oct. 29, 2015
Views 3475 Downloads 56
Ashish Kumar Singh, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
M. Elayaraja, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
Ajeet Jaiswal, Department of Anthropology, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India
Five hundred and one (501) male children aged between eight and fourteen years were selected randomly from the districts of Chandauli and Mirzapur, Uttar Pradesh , India for establishing the association between components of somatotyping and biomotor features. Heath- Carter technique was used to determine the somatotyping of the children. Hand grip strength, sit and reach test, vertical jump and 4x10m agility test were used for biomotor features. Product moment correlation was used to determine the relationship between somatotyping and biomotor features. Socioeconomic conditions, nutritional inadequacies and geographical factors might have an influence on the physical growth of the studied population along with their genetic constitution.Significant relationships were observed when correlated the somatotype components with physical fitness parameters. Somatotype, as the indicator of children’s body development , was an acceptable predictor to explain variations in the physiques of children. Hereditary and external factors such as regular activity, nutritional status, and motivation of parents and teachers must also be taken into account while trying to explain the various levels of physical fitness in the children.
Ashish Kumar Singh,
Somatotyping and Biomotor Features of Male Children of Chandauli and Mirzapur Districts of Uttar Pradesh, India, American Journal of Sports Science. Special Issue: Kinanthropometry.
Vol. 4, No. 1-1,
2016, pp. 9-14.
Bompa, T.O., Perodization: theory and methodology of training (4th edition). Champaign, IL: Human Kinematics,1999.
Bale, P., Colley, E., Mayhew, J.L., Piper, F.C., Ware, J.S., Anthropometric and somatotype variables related to strength in American football players, Journal of Sports Medicine Physiology. Fitness 34: 383–389,1994.
Malina, R.M., Anthropometric correlates of strength and motor performance. Exercise Sport Science Review, 3: 249–274,1975.
Raudsepp, L., Jürimae, T., Somatotype and physical fitness of prepubertal children, Collegium Antropologicum, 20(1): 53-59,1996.
Slaughter, M.H., Lohman, T.G., Misner, J.E., Association of somatotype and body composition to physical performance in 7–12 year-old-girls, Journal of Sports Medicine, 20: 189–198,1980.
Slaughter, M.H., Lohman, T.G., Misner, J.E., Relationship of somatotype and body composition to physical performance in 9–12 year-old-boys, Research quarterly for exercise and sports, 58: 159-168,1980.
Slaughter, M.H., Lohman, T.G., Misner, J.E., Relationship of somatotype and body composition to physical performance in 7–12-year-old-boys, Research Quarterly, 48: 159–168,1977.
Monsma, E.V., Malina, R.M., Anthropometry and somatotype of competitive female figure skaters 11–22 years. Variation by competitive level and discipline, Journal of Sports Medicine Physiological Fitness 45: 491–500,2005.
Siders, W.E., Lukaski, H.C., Bolonchuk, W.W., Relationships among swimming performance, body composition and somatotype in competitive collegiate swimmers, Journal of Sports Medicine Physiological Fitness 33: 166–171,1993.
Tomazo-Ravnik, T., Kalan, N., Anthropometrical characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite swimmers at the age of 10, 12 and 14 years, Biennial Books of the European Anthropological Association, 3:77–86,2004.
Withers, R.T., Craig, N.P., Norton, K.I., Somatotypes of South Australian male athletes. Human Biology, 58, 337–356,1986.
Hebbelinck, M., Duquet, W. and Ross, W., A practical outline for Heath- Carter somatotyping method applied to children. In: Pediatric Work Physiology Proceedings, 4th International Symposium. Wingate Institute, Israel, pp. 71-84,1973.
Shukla, M., Venugopal, R., Mitra, M., A cross sectional study of body composition somatotype and motor quality of rural and urban boys of Chhattisgarh, International Journal of Fitness, 5(1):1–7,2009.
Avlonitou, E., Somatometric variables for pre-adolescent swimmers, Sports Medicine Physiological Fitness, 34:185-191,1994.
Carter, L, Heath BH. Somatotyping: Development and applications. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, pp105-106,1990.
Stewart, A.D., Marfell-Jones,M., Olds, T., and De Ridder,H., International Standards for Anthropometric Assessments, International Society for the Advancement of Kinanthropometry (ISAK),2011.
Heath,B.H.,Carter,J.E.L.,A modified somatotype method, American Journal of Physical Anthropology,27:57-74,1967.
Beunen, G., Claessens, M., Ostyn, R., Renson, J., Simons, D., Van Gevren, D., (1985). Children and Exercise XI. Human Kinetics Publishers, Champaign.
Carter L, Heath BH. Somatotyping: Development and applications. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Yavuz, Selma Civar , Somatotype and Physical Fitness Profiles of 6-12-year-old Girls,The International Journal of Social Sciences, ISSN 2305-4557,2013.
Carter, L., Heath, B.H., Somatotyping: Development and applications. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1990,pp 220.
Marta, C.,Determinants of physical fitness in prepubescent children and its training effects, University of Beira Interior, Research Centre in Sport, Health and Human Development,2013.
Malina, R.M., and Bouchard, C., Growth, Malnutrition and Physical Activity (Illinois: Human Kinetics Books), pp. 39-60,1991.
Dumith ,S., Ramires, V., Souza, M., Moraes, D., Petry, F., Oliveira, E., Ramires, S., Hallal, P., Overweight/Obesity and physical fitness among children and adolescents, Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7: 641‐648,2010.
Xianwen, S., Ailing, L., Yanping, L., Xiaoqi, H., Lin, D., Jun, M., Guifa, X., Ying, L., Hongwei, G., Guansheng, M., The association of weight status with physical fitness among Chinese children, International Journal of Pediatrics . Article ID 515414,2010.