American Journal of Sports Science
Volume 4, Issue 1-1, February 2016, Pages: 31-36
Received: Dec. 31, 2015;
Accepted: Jan. 4, 2016;
Published: Jan. 20, 2016
Views 3163 Downloads 54
Shivani Chandel, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
S. L. Malik, Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi, Delhi, India
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to collect anthropometric data on Kshatriya and Kurmi populations residing in Uttar Pradesh for designing furniture. The sample comprised of 1008 adult Kshatriya (252 males and 252 females) and Kurmi (252 males and 252 females), belonging to the age group of 18-40 yrs. The data was statistically analyzed and the population and sex differences were evaluated by one – way ANOVA. Various percentile values for different body measurements were also calculated. The population and sex differences among the two groups studied revealed significant population and sex differences in various body measurements. Furniture is an important facility that helps in providing a conducive, comfortable and well-designed environment for people. Thus, while designing furniture, human variability in various body dimensions of the user’s population must be taken into account with a view to reduce drudgery and at the same time increase efficiency, safety and comfort of the users. Hence an attempt was made to illustrate the relevance of these data in the design of furniture.
S. L. Malik,
Importance of Human Variation and Scientific Inputs in Designing Furniture, American Journal of Sports Science. Special Issue:Kinanthropometry.
Vol. 4, No. 1-1,
2016, pp. 31-36.
Mittal, M., Malik, S. L., Workposture: ergonomic implications and human health. Indian Anthropologist, 16: 57-59, 1986.
Das, A., Chakrabarti, D., Role of free postural adoption on performance and informal workplace design. Proceedings of National Conference on Humanizing Work and Work environment, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, April, Mumbai, 2004.
Straker, L., Pollock, C., Burgess-Limerick, R., Excerpts from CybErg 2005 discussion on preliminary guidelines for wise use of computers by children. Int J Industrial Ergon. 36 (12): 1089–1095, 2006.
Helander, M. G., Czaja, S. J., Drury, C. G., Cary, J. M., An ergonomic evaluation of office chairs. Office: Technology and People, 1987, 3: 247–262.
Malik, S. L., Anthropometry and designing: problems, prospects and research strategies. J. Hum. Ecol. 6(1): 33-42, 1995.
Harris, C., Straker, L., Pollock, C. and Trinidad, S., Musculo-skeletal outcomes in children using information technology – the need for a specific etiological model. Int. J Industrial Ergon, 35: 131–138, 2005.
Malik, S. L. and Bhattacharya, D. K.: Aspects of Human Ecology: A Dynamic Inter-Relationship between Man and Environment. Northern Book Centre, Delhi, 1986.
Ruff, C., Variation in body size and shape. Annu. Rev. Anthropol., 31: 211-232, 2002.
Pandey, A. K., Anthropometry of female Onges of Little Andaman. Anthropologist., 8 (2): 99-102, 2006.
Chakrabarti, D., Das, A., Design development of New Seat-desk Unit suitable for Indian school children. Proceedings of National conference on Humanizing Work and Work Environment, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, April, Mumbai, 2004.
Jeong, B. Y., Park, K. S., Sex differences in anthropometry for school furniture design. Ergonomics. 33: 1511-1521, 1990.
Kayis, B., and Ozok, A. F., The anthropometry of Turkish army men. Appl. Ergon. 22: 49-54, 1991.
Bridger, R. S., Introduction to Ergonomics, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1995.
Tayyari, F., Smith, J. L., Occupational Ergonomics: Principles and applications. Kluwer Acad. Publ. London, 2000.
Hanson, L., Sperling, L., Gard, G., Ipsen, S., Vergara, C. O., Swedish anthropometrics for product and workplace design. Appl. Ergonomics. 40: 797–806, 2009.
Klamklay, J., Sungkhapong, A., Yodpijit, N., Patterson, P. E.: Anthropometry of the southern Thai population. Int. J. Industr. Ergon. 38: 111-118 (2008).
Pheasant, S. T.: Bodyspace: Anthropometry, Ergonomics and the Design of Work, second ed. s. Taylor and Francis Ltd, London, 1998.
Barroso, M. P., Arezes, P. M., Costa, L. G., Miguel, A. S., Anthropometric study of Portuguese workers, Int. J. Indust Ergon. 35 (4): 401-410, 2005.
Martin, R., Saller., Lehrbuch der Anthropologie. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1957.
Tanner, J. M., Hiernaux, J., Jarnan, S., Growth and Physique Studies, pp. 315-340. In: Human Biology: A Guide to Field Methods. IBP Hand book no. 9. J. S Weiner and J. A. Lourie (Eds.). Blackwell Scientific Publication, Oxford, 1969.
Molenbroek, J. F. M., Kroon-Ramaekers, Y. M. T., Snijders, C. J., Revision of the design of a standard for the dimensions of school furniture. Ergonomics, 46: 681-694, 2003.
Sane, S. M., Karandikar, V., Savale, P.: Ergonomic Product Design: Classroom Bench. Proceedings of National Conference on Humanizing Work and Work Environment, National Institute of Industrial Engineering, April, Mumbai (2004).
Kroemer, K. H. E., Grandjean, E., Fitting the Task to the Human: A Text Book of Occupational Ergonomics. Taylor and Francis, London, 2001.
Malik, S. L., Jurgens, H. W., Helbig, K., Designing a chair: a scientific perspective. Indian Anthropologist. 14: 41-61, 1986.
Khaspuri, G. C., Sau, S. K., Dhara, P. C., Anthropometric consideration for designing class room furniture in rural schools. J. Hum Ecol., 22 (3): 235-244, 2007.
Parcells, C., Stommel, M., Hubbard, R. P., Mismatch of classroom furniture and student body dimensions. J Adolescent Health. 24, 265–273, 1999.