Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in a Pure African Society, Impact of Age, Reproductive History, Family History and Breast Feeding
Cancer Research Journal
Volume 2, Issue 5, September 2014, Pages: 82-87
Received: Jul. 21, 2014; Accepted: Jul. 29, 2014; Published: Aug. 30, 2014
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Authors
Alice Constance Mensah, Mathematics and Statistics Department, Accra Polytechnic, Accra, Ghana
Joel Yarney, National Centre for Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana
kaku Sagary Nokoe, Department of Mathematics, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Suyani, Ghana
Samuel Opoku, Department of Radiography, College of Health Sciences, University of Ghana, Accra, Ghana
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Abstract
Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer and the leading cause of cancer death in female’s worldwide. The objective of the study was to identify the extent to which selected demographic, hormonal and reproductive factors influence the cause of breast cancer using the logistic regression technique to determine the risk of getting the disease. Two thousand three hundred and ninety seven (2397) women were sampled for the study from the Korle-bu Teaching Hospital, of which 1022 (42.64%) were diagnosed with breast cancer between the periods January 2002 to December 2008. Breast feeding, late menarche, contraceptive usage, and time interval between age at menarche and age at menopause all decreased the risk of breast cancer development (OR = 2.306, <0.0001). Later age at menopause on the other hand increased the risk of breast cancer development. It is recommended that governmental or nongovernmental organizations improve on health education/campaigns about breast cancer to create awareness and reduce mortality.
Keywords
Breast Cancer, Risk Factors, Reproductive History, Family History, Breast Feeding and Logistic Regression
To cite this article
Alice Constance Mensah, Joel Yarney, kaku Sagary Nokoe, Samuel Opoku, Risk Factors for Breast Cancer in a Pure African Society, Impact of Age, Reproductive History, Family History and Breast Feeding, Cancer Research Journal. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 82-87. doi: 10.11648/j.crj.20140205.11
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