Clinical Utility of Altered Expressions of P53,Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Survivin in Patients with Bladder Cancer
Cancer Research Journal
Volume 3, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages: 28-41
Received: Mar. 20, 2015; Accepted: Mar. 28, 2015; Published: Mar. 31, 2015
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Ahmed Nabeel Ahmed, Ministry of Health, E rbil, Iraq
Shatha Rouf Moustafa, Academic faculty, College of Pharmacy / Hawler Medical University, Clinical Analysis Department, Havalan city, Erbil, Iraq
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Backgroundand Objectives: Bladder cancer is considered a major problem world wide. Aberrant P53, mutant vascular endothelial growth factor and deregulated expression of survivin were used as biochemical markers for investigation, prognosis and follow up. Aims: This study was conducted to assess the prognostic impact of altered expressions of these parameters in Erbil population with bladder cancer and correlated with other confounding factors age, gender and smoking effects, these factors also correlated with histopathologic characteristics such as grade and stage. Patients and Methods: This prospective study enrolled 50 newly diagnosed patients with bladder cancer, in addition 50 apparently healthy adults age – sex matched were also involved in this study. Serum parameters levels were measured using enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Patients had these general criteria, newly discovered cases, no deep x-ray therapy, no chemotherapy, no hormonal therapy with histologic and cytologic confirmation of bladder cancer. Statistical Study: Data were analyzed using SPSS v. 18. Results: The mean serum P53,vascular endothelial growth factor and survivin levels in patient and control groups were P53= 1.682 ±0.665, 1.192 ± 0.284, vascular endothelial growth factor = 5.296 ±2.8, 2.000 ±0.704 and survivin = 5.468±0.715, 4.240±0.656 respectively. The statistical analysis revealed that, serum parameters levels were significantly increased in patients as compared with control group p< 0.001. Conclusion: Data revealed for the first time the relation between altered expressions of interested parameters in combination pattern with the incidence of bladder cancer in Erbil population, which has not previously reported in this region.This study tested the hypothesis and supported the concept that higher serum levels of these parameters might be a pathogenic and prognostic factors and a markers of tumor aggressiveness in bladder cancer. Early diagnosis is necessary for maximizing the rate of therapy. The gold standard care for the investigating of bladder cancer is cystoscopy which detects tumors accurately but it is invasive, expensive, and represents a high burden to the patients, and also, small papillary and flat-growing cancer may be missed. Regular cystoscopic examinations performed for monitoring the patients, because the recurrent rate is high. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the possibilities for replacing cystoscopy with more accurate, safe, no expensive, noninvasive diagnostic test and to recognize a new approach for providing opportunities for early detection which is an important goal to speed up the therapy of patients.
Bladder Cancer, P53, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Survivin
To cite this article
Ahmed Nabeel Ahmed, Shatha Rouf Moustafa, Clinical Utility of Altered Expressions of P53,Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor and Survivin in Patients with Bladder Cancer, Cancer Research Journal. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2015, pp. 28-41. doi: 10.11648/j.crj.20150302.12
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