Science Journal of Clinical Medicine
Volume 5, Issue 4-1, July 2016, Pages: 37-40
Received: Feb. 27, 2016;
Accepted: Apr. 4, 2016;
Published: May 19, 2016
Views 3162 Downloads 74
Nitin Khargekar, Department of Orthodontics, AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India
Naveen Khargekar, Department of Preventive Oncology, Tata Memorial Cancer Hospital, Mumbai, India
Vandana Khargekar, Department of Preventive Medicine, Oxford Medical College, Bangalore, India
Surabhi Rajan, Department of Orthodontics, AECS Maaruti College of Dental Sciences, Bangalore, India
Cleft lip and cleft palate are considered to be the most common birth defects involving craniofacial structure. Clefts affects not only aesthetically but also affects different functions. Complete clefts have an effect on feeding, hearing, nasal breathing, and phonation. All these aspects are addressed as part of an integral treatment. Though the physical rehabilitation of the patient is done, psychological issues are always neglected. For the positive outcome of the treatment along with proper treatment the patient should be psychologically strong with high self esteem to term the treatment as success. As a cleft child grows to adult through adolescence he comes across many people and situations which can make him psychologically weak or strong. Hence the current study was undertaken to evaluate the psychological factors associated with cleft lip and palate patients.
Cleft Lip and Palate- A Psychology Insight, Science Journal of Clinical Medicine. Special Issue: Clinical Conspectus on Cleft Deformities.
Vol. 5, No. 4-1,
2016, pp. 37-40.
Johnston M C Orthodon tictreatment for the cleft palate patient. American journal of Orthodontics vol 44:750-763.
Slutsky H 1969 Maternal reaction and adjustment to birth and care of cleft palate children. Cleft Palate Journal 6: 425-429.
Turner SR, Thomas PW, Dowell T, Rumsey N, Sandy JR. Psychological outcomes amongst cleft patients and their families. Br J Plast Surg. 1997; 50:1–9.
American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association. Parameters for the evaluation and treatment of patients with cleft lip/palate or other craniofacial anomalies. Cleft Palate Craniofac J 1993; 30Suppl 1:4.
Morris H, Jakobi P. Objectives and criteria for the management of cleft lip and palate and delivery of management services. Cleft Palate J, 1977, 15:1-5.
Gussy, M., & Kilpatrick, N. The self-concept of adolescents with cleft lip and palate: A pilot study using a multidimensional/hierarchical measurement instrument. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 2006, 16, 335-341.
Kummer, A. W.. Cleft palate and craniofacial anomalies: Effects on speech and resonance (2nd ed.). New York: Delmar Cengage Learning.2008.
Brand, S., Blechschmidt, A., Muller, A., Sader, R., Schwenzer-Zimmerer, K., Zeilhofer, H.F., &Holsboer-Trachsler, E. Psychosocial functioning and sleep patterns in children and adolescents with cleft lip and palate (CLP) compared with healthy controls. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 2008, 46(2), 124-135.
Hunt, O., Burden, D., Hepper, P., & Johnston, C. The psychosocial effects of cleft lip and palate: A systematic review. European Journal of Orthodontics, 2005, 27, 274-285.
Snyder, H., & Pope, A.W. Psychosocial adjustment in children and adolescents with a craniofacial anomaly: Diagnosis-specific Patterns. Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 2009, 47(3), 264-272.
Billig A L. A Psychological appraisal of the cleft palate patients. Proc Penn Acad of Sci 1951, 29:31.
Means, B, and Irwin J., An analysis of certain measures of intelligence and hearing in samples of the Wisconsin cleft palate population. Cleft palate Newsletter1954, 4:2-4.
Munson, S and May, A Are cleft palate patients subnormal intelligence ? Edu Res J., 1955, 48: 617-622.
Richman, L, C. Behavior and achievement of the cleft palate child, Cleft palate J, 1976, 13: 4-10.
Richman, L, C. The effects of facial disfigurement on teachers perception of ability in cleft palate patients. Cleft Palate J 1978. 15:155-160.
Richman, L, C. Parents and teachers: Differing views of behavior of cleft palate children, Cleft Palate J., 1978.15:360-364.
Dion K, Berscheid E, Walster E. What is beautiful is good. J PersSoc Psychol. 1972; 24:285–90.
Charon JM. Symbolic interactionism: an introduction, an interpretation, an integration. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: 1979. pp. 11–4.
Bull R, Rumsey N. The social psychology of facial disfigurement. J Cross Cult Psychol. 1988; 17:99–108.
Lansdown R, Lloyd J, Hunter J. Facial deformity in childhood: severity and psychological adjustment. Child Care Health Dev. 1991;17:165–71.
Harper DC, Richman LC. Personality profiles of physically impaired adolescents. J Clin Psychol. 1978; 34:636–42.
Lefebvre AM, Munro I. The role of psychiatry in a craniofacial team. Plast Reconstr Surg. 1978; 61:564–9.