The Neotectonic Activity Along the Lower Khazir River by Using SRTM Image and Geomorphic Indices
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2015, Pages: 50-58
Received: Aug. 25, 2014;
Accepted: Jan. 28, 2015;
Published: Feb. 15, 2015
Views 3197 Downloads 269
Ziyad Elias, Geomorphic Research / Salahaddin University, Erbil City
Lower Khazir River is crossing three mountains (Maqlub , Ain Al-Safra, and Makhmoore) and it is adjustment to the neotectonic activity by fold. During the study evaluate active tectonics by using DEM derived drainage network and geomorphic indices stream-length gradient (SL), basin asymmetry factor (AF), hypsometric integral (HI), valley floor width to valley height ratio (Vf), Basin shape (Bs) and mountain front sinuosity (Smf). Geomorphic indices are calculate (IRAT) in the study site. So I classified the IRAT index into very higher, higher, modern and lower active of tectonic. The value of very higher is in sub basin 1 and 18 , higher is in sub basin 6, 10, 14 and 17 , modern is in sub basin 2,3,4, 5 ,7 , 9 ,16 and 19; and lower is in sub basin 8,11,12,13 and 15. About 10.5% of the study area (about 29.87) km2): 21% (111.63 km2) to Class 2: 42% (312.59 km2) to Class 3 and 26.5% (133.75 km2) to Class 4. IRAT tends to be high along the fold and fault zone. Two different levels of the rock are found in the study site (middle hard and soft rock).
The Neotectonic Activity Along the Lower Khazir River by Using SRTM Image and Geomorphic Indices, Earth Sciences.
Vol. 4, No. 1,
2015, pp. 50-58.
M. A., 1980, Geology of Shaikhan Area. M. Sc. Thesis, University of Mosul.187
Al-Daghistany, H. S.Y. and Salih, M. R., (1993) Adjustment of the Khazir River to the style of structural Deformation. Using Remote Sensing data, Iraq Geological Journal 25, 1, 65-79.
Alipoor, R., Poorkermani, M., Zare, M., and El Hamdouni, R., (2011) Active tectonic assessment around Rudbar Lorestan dam site, High Zagros Belt (SW of Iran), Geomorphology journal 128, 1-14.P.P.
Arian M., Pourkermani M. (2001) River morphology and active techtonic (Reviewing the current status of Ghezel Ozon River in the province of Zanjan). Fifth annual conference of Geological Society of Iran, National Iranian Oil Company and Shahid Beheshti University.
Bull W B,and McFadden L. (1977) Tectonic geomorphology north and south of the Garlock Fault, California, Geomorphology in Arid regions, D. O. Doehring, ed., Publications in Geomorphology, State University of New York at Bingamton, 115 – 138.P.P.
Bazhenov M L, Lauer J P, and Biju-DuvalB. (1986) Geological evolution of the Tethys belt from the Atlantic to the Pamirs since the Lias. Tectonophysics 123, 241–315.P.P.
Cudennec, C. and Fouad, Y. (2006) Structural patterns in river network organization at both infra- and supra-basin levels: The case of a granitic relief. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 31, 369-381.P.P.
Cuong, N Q, and Zuchiewicz W A. (2001) Morphotectonic properties of the Lo River Fault near Tam Dao in North Vietnam, NaturalHazards and Earth System Sciences 1, 15- 22.P.P.
Dehbozorgi M Pourkermani M. Arian M, Matkan A.A, Motamedi H, and Hosseiniasl A. (2010) Quantitative analysis of relative tectonic activity in the Sarvestan area, central Zagros, Iran, Geomorphology, Vol 121, Iss 3–4, 15 P.P 329–341.P.P.
Hack J T. (1973) Stream-profiles analysis and stream-gradient index. Journal of Research of the U.S. Geological Survey 1, 421-429.P.P.
Jackson, J., R. & Youngson, J., (1996) The structural evolution of active fault and fold systems in central Otago, New Zealand: Evidence revealed by drainage patterns. Journal of Structural Geology, 18, 217-234.P.P.
Keller E, Pinter N., (1996) Active Tectonics, Earthquakes, Uplift and Landscape, Earth Sciences Series, Prentice – Hall, Englewood, 171-173.P.P.
Keller E A, Pinter N., (2002) Active Tectonics: Earthquakes, Uplift, and Landscape, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 359.P.
Mahmood, S.A., and Gloaguen, R., (2012) Appraisal of active tectonics in Hindu Kush: Insights from DEM derived geomorphic indices and drainage analysis, Geoscience Frontiers 3 (4) 407-428.P.P.
Mayer, L., (1990) Introduction to quantitative geomorphology, Prentice Hall, Englewood, Cliffs, NJ.
Numan, N.M.S. and Bakose, J.Y., (1985) Remote Sensing Data Versus the Geological Ground Truth in Ba'shiqa-Maqlub area Nineveh District, Jour. of Space and Astronamy Research, Vol. 2, pp. 65-84
Numan N. M. S., (1997) A plate tectonic scenario for the Phanerozoic succession in Iraq.- Journal of Geol. Soc. Iraq , 30 (2) , 85- 110.Vol. 2 Issue 11, November-2013,: 22-34.P.P.
Strahler, A. N., (1952) Hypsometry (area- altitude) analysis of erosional topography, Geological Society of American Bulletin, 63, 1117-1142.P.P.
Pike R J, and Wilson S E., (1971) Elevation-relief ratio, hypsometry integral and geomorphic area- altitude analysis, Geological Society of America Bulletin, 82, 1079-1084.P.P.