Transboundary Conservation Areas in African Mountains: Opportunities and Challenges for Addressing Global Change
Volume 6, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 117-126
Received: Jul. 24, 2017;
Accepted: Aug. 21, 2017;
Published: Oct. 13, 2017
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Nakileza Bob Roga, Department of Environmental Management, Makerere University, Mountain Resource Centre, Kampala, Uganda
Wilem Ferguson, Centre of Environmental Studies, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa
Festus Bagoora, National Environment Management Authority, Kampala, Uganda
The last 15 years have seen the establishment of several transboundary conservation areas (TBCAs) in Africa, presenting a unique opportunity of using an integrated ecosystem approach for promoting sustainable ecosystems services. TBCAs have unique characteristics for livelihood improvement of adjacent human communities. Mountain TBCAs in Africa, are increasingly being threatened due to commercial exploitation as well as population and commercial growth, resulting in logging, conflicts and poor land use practices. This is being exacerbated by challenges of climate change. We examined the potential of the TBCA approach for the alleviation of such threats and promoting sustainable mountain development including adaptation and coping mechanisms with respect to climate change. Data and information was gathered largely through field observations, discussions and relevant secondary sources. The results revealed that: 1) While single countries have developed frontier areas within the established TBPAs there is a lack of transboundary governance that enables transboundary development of infrastructure and the sustainable management of natural resources. 2) Socio-economic development and adaptation of human communities towards climate change inside TBPAs have largely taken place as part of activities not connected to the establishment of a TBCA. In conclusion for realising the exceptional opportunities that TBPAs offer, two things are important; 1) To date, biodiversity conservation inside TBPAs has been emphasised. Sustainable livelihood improvement inside a TBPAs should be the point of departure for achieving conservation of natural resources including biodiversity. 2) The establishment of consistent transboundary governance is crucial for achieving that.
Nakileza Bob Roga,
Transboundary Conservation Areas in African Mountains: Opportunities and Challenges for Addressing Global Change, Earth Sciences.
Vol. 6, No. 6,
2017, pp. 117-126.
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