Volume 9, Issue 2, April 2020, Pages: 82-88
Received: Apr. 12, 2020;
Accepted: Apr. 29, 2020;
Published: May 14, 2020
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Kunsung Liu, Department of Civil Engng. & Hazard Mitigation Research Center, Kao Yuan Univ., Kaohsiung, Taiwan, ROC
Hsiangchi Huang, Department of Public Administration, Tam Kang Univ., New Taipei City, Taiwan, ROC
The potential for seismic hazard in Taiwan is quite high. In addition to the comprehensive reinforcement of the earthquake resistance of old construction, a short period of time can be immediately is the implementation of earthquake prevention and rescue education. Because of the blind zone of the existing strong earthquake real-time alarm system, the response time is limited, so the application of the message will have better efficiency in an automated way. As regards the emergency response of schoolchildren and the population in the blind zone of strong earthquake early warning, it is suggested that people should be using methods in line with local circumstances. In order to understand and make good use of the vibration characteristics of seismic waves, this study analyzes and illustrates them with several practical examples, including (1) 20100304 Jiasian earthquake with local magnitude (ML) of 6.4,(2) 20130327 Nantou earthquake with local magnitude (ML) of 6.2, as well as (3) 19990921 Chi-Chi earthquake with moment magnitude (Mw) of 7.6. The results of this study show that the human body's feelings are one of the most direct, real-time strong earthquake warning messages, especially in the blind zone of earthquake early warning where it is too late to provide seismic information. Judging by the obvious vibrations up and down by the P wave, it is advisable for the people on the first floor of the old low earthquake-resistant premises to seize the opportunity and suggest a time take an immediate approach to outdoor escape response. While fear and panic may be an obstacle to escape, reflex movements can overcome fear, and reflex movements can be developed through regular drills. Accordingly, people will make a correct seismic response immediately within the earthquake, in a short period of time without panic of the emergency evacuation to reach a safe location.
A Study of Human Response in the Blind Zone of Earthquake Early Warning, Earth Sciences.
Vol. 9, No. 2,
2020, pp. 82-88.
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