Role of Irrigation Farming in the Perspective Development of Agriculture in Samtskhe Region
Earth Sciences
Volume 4, Issue 5-1, September 2015, Pages: 13-18
Received: May 30, 2015; Accepted: Jun. 1, 2015; Published: Jul. 2, 2015
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Authors
Besik Kalandadze, Faculty of Exact and Natural Science, Chair of Soil Sciences, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Vazha Trapaidze, Faculty of Exact and Natural Science, Chair of Hydrology, Oceanology and Meteorology, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Lamzira Lagidze, Faculty of Exact and Natural Science, Chair of Natural Use, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Zurab Laoshvili, Faculty of Exact and Natural Science, Chair of Regional Geography and Landscape Planning, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Ilia Kalandadze, Faculty of Exact and Natural Science, Iv. Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
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Abstract
The most important branch of economy in Samtskhe region is agriculture, and the region has quite a high potential of agricultural production. This is evidenced by the quite fruitful and diversified types of soil in the region. In respect of productivity, brown forest soils, brown meadow, grey-brown and forest sierozems in Samtskhe, with most of the agricultural plots located over them are particularly fruitful. The small irrigation channels here are similar to those found all over Georgia and in the mountainous regions of Caucasus. Their sizes, structure, water conducting capacity and irrigation efficiency are relevant to the conditions of a mountainous relief. The conducting capacity of the irrigation channels is little, and most of the channels have ground or exposed beds. Provided the melioration system is put to order and by considering the fruitful soils spread in the region it will be possible to boost the agricultural productivity significantly.
Keywords
Agriculture, Irrigation, Soil
To cite this article
Besik Kalandadze, Vazha Trapaidze, Lamzira Lagidze, Zurab Laoshvili, Ilia Kalandadze, Role of Irrigation Farming in the Perspective Development of Agriculture in Samtskhe Region, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: Modern Problems of Geography and Anthropology. Vol. 4, No. 5-1, 2015, pp. 13-18. doi: 10.11648/j.earth.s.2015040501.13
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