Effective Ways to Improve Agro-Ecological Conditions of Vine – Kakheti Region
Volume 6, Issue 5-1, October 2017, Pages: 62-67
Received: May 31, 2017;
Accepted: Jun. 1, 2017;
Published: Aug. 2, 2017
Views 1601 Downloads 44
Givi Gagua, Department of Hydrolgy-Climatology, Vakhushti Bagrationi Institute of Geography, Ivane Javakhishvilis Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Merab Gongadze, Department of Geomorphology Geoecology, Vakhushti Bagrationi Institute of Geography, Ivane Javakhishvilis Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Tamara Chichinadze, Department of Cartography Geoinformation, Vakhushti Bagrationi Institute of Geography, Ivane Javakhishvilis Tbilisi State University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Follow on us
The aim of our research was to improve the agro-ecological conditions of viticulture in Kakheti region in the way of changing the physical properties of soil. As it is well known, the climatic conditions and soil peculiarities determine the quality of the produced grapes and wine. Academician F. Davitaia mentioned that the species of vine and the place of their growth are reflected in the wine as in the mirror . Research is based on the method of Italian Professor M. Frigon – “The impact of black soil on the vine”. The Chernozems regulate vegetative and reproductive processes of the plant, support growing of roots. By this activity vegetation period is changing, air temperature is increasing and roots are growing intensively. The experiment was held in one vineyard plot of Telavi municipality. 20 cm thick alluvial material of the Duruji River was added to the soil. The dark cleavingstone has enriched the soil and improved its airing. There were many gray pebbles and small stones in waste material, which supported increase of growing degree days by 300-400°C in vegetation period. As a result, the grape harvest has increased and tasting properties of grape has improved. The experiment showed that river material improves agro-ecological conditions of the vine, increases its productivity and improves wine quality.
Georgia, Kakheti Region, Alluvial Material, Agro-Climatic Condition, Growing Degree Days
To cite this article
Effective Ways to Improve Agro-Ecological Conditions of Vine – Kakheti Region, Earth Sciences. Special Issue: New Challenge for Geography: Landscape Dimensions of Sustainable Development.
Vol. 6, No. 5-1,
2017, pp. 62-67.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Gagua G. (2013). Agro-climatic Resources of Georgia. Tbilisi, 225.
Tavartkiladze K., Gagua G., Gogitidze V., (2014). Physico-geographical Conditions of Shida Kakheti and Wine Quality. Herald of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences. (Journal), vol, 33, Tbilisi, 55-58.
Maruashvili L., (1964). Physical Geography of Georgia. Tbilisi, 343.
Davitaia F. F. (1952). Studies of Climate of Grapes in the Soviet Union and Grounds of their Practical Application. M-L., 304.
Fregoni M. (1981). Effect of Different Types of Soil on Vine and the Quality of Wine. Physiology of Grapes and Fundaments of its Cultivation, (Journal), vol. I, Sofia, Bulgaria, Academy of Science, 53-65.
Kordzakhia M. (1961). Climate of Georgia. Tbilisi. 252.
Chalaganidze Sh., Shapakidze E. (2014). Perspectives of Fighting against Hail in Small and Medium Farm Enterprises. International Scientific Conference: “Climate Change and Its Effect on the Stable and Safe Development of Agriculture”. (Journal), Tbilisi, 351-354.
Gigineishvili V. M. (1960). Damage Caused by Hail in East Georgia. (Book). M., 124p.
Vakhushti Bagrationi. (1997). Geography of Georgia. Tbilisi. p. 372.
Davitaia F. F., Tavartkiladze K. A. (1982). Problem of Fighting against Damages Caused by Hail, Frosts in Subtropics and Some Other Natural Disasters. (Book). Tbilisi, 220p.