Analysis of Forest Cover Changes in Nimbia Forest Reserve, Kaduna State, Nigeria Using Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing Techniques
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2014, Pages: 91-99
Accepted: Apr. 15, 2014; Published: Apr. 30, 2014
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Authors
Musa Ismaila Tudun-Wada, Forestry Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Nigeria
Yakubu Mohammed Tukur, Basic Science and General Studies Department, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Nigeria
Ya’u Hussaini, Basic Science and General Studies Department, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Nigeria
Muhammad Zakari Sani, Forestry Technology Department, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Nigeria
Ishaya Musa, Department of Pest Management Technology, Federal College of Forestry, Jos, Nigeria
Vivan Ezra Lekwot, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Jos, Nigeria
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Abstract
Nimbia Forest Reserve is witnessing degradation due to anthropogenic activities such as Farming, Illegal felling and fuel wood extraction just like many other forest reserves in Nigeria. On the other hand, the management has failed to provide enough manpower to guard against anthropogenic activities and the few ones available were not receiving better remuneration. Other problems faced by the forest are that trimming is done on time and cleared lands were not replanted. These and many other reasons leading to overexploitation, increase rate of deforestation, modification of the forest structure, reduced income to government and increased unemployment. This study examines the use of GIS and Remote Sensing in mapping Land Cover in Nimbia Forest Reserve between 1986 and 2010 so as to detect the changes that may have taken place in this status between these periods. Subsequently, an attempt was made at projecting the observed land cover in the next 21 years. The result obtained show that some features will be lost to other features and possible reasons for that were evaluated. Suggestions were therefore made at the end of the work on ways to use the information as contained therein optimally.
Keywords
Landcover Change, Forest, Geographic Information System, Remote Sensing, Landsat Satellite Imagery
To cite this article
Musa Ismaila Tudun-Wada, Yakubu Mohammed Tukur, Ya’u Hussaini, Muhammad Zakari Sani, Ishaya Musa, Vivan Ezra Lekwot, Analysis of Forest Cover Changes in Nimbia Forest Reserve, Kaduna State, Nigeria Using Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing Techniques, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2014, pp. 91-99. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20140202.15
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