Spatial and Temporal Changes in the Phytoplankton Community in a Cascaded Reservoir System: San Juan River, Queretaro, Mexico
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 244-251
Received: Aug. 29, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 13, 2014; Published: Sep. 30, 2014
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Maria del Pilar Saldana-Fabela, Hydrobiology and Environmental Assessment, Mexican Institute of Water Technology, Jiutepec, México
Maricela Martinez-Jimenez, Hydrobiology and Environmental Assessment, Mexican Institute of Water Technology, Jiutepec, México
Maria Antonieta Gomez-Balandra, Hydrobiology and Environmental Assessment, Mexican Institute of Water Technology, Jiutepec, México
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Alteration of natural flows with dams for water harvesting has caused changes in water quality and habitat of biological communities. In Mexico there are more than 4000 reservoirs, which in some cases are located in the same river system, resulting in a cascading effect from the release of water up to downstream reservoirs, decreasing the system connectivity which depends on hydraulic management. The phytoplankton community was characterized to determine the temporal and spatial variations in a cascade system. In places where connectivity is maintained, diatom species were presented, while in reservoirs had a clear dominance of chlorophytes and cyanophytes related to nutrient enrichment and wastewater discharges. A total of 112 species were identified, 38% were Chlorophyceae, 35% Bacillariophyceae, 13% Cyanophyceae and 13% Euglenophyceae. Microcystis aeruginosa and Anabaena variabilis (cianophytes) were abundant in reservoirs. Phytoplankton succession indicated the presence of species with characteristics strategists C in autumn and winter, replaced by R strategists species in spring. The canonical correlation analysis between environmental variables and species presence was related to concentrations of sulfates, total suspended solids, nitrates and phosphates.
Pollution, Succession, Phytoplankton
To cite this article
Maria del Pilar Saldana-Fabela, Maricela Martinez-Jimenez, Maria Antonieta Gomez-Balandra, Spatial and Temporal Changes in the Phytoplankton Community in a Cascaded Reservoir System: San Juan River, Queretaro, Mexico, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 244-251. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20140205.13
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