Transfer of Natural Radionuclides from Soil to Plants and Grass in the Western North of West Bank Environment- Palestine
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2014, Pages: 252-258
Received: Sep. 25, 2014; Accepted: Sep. 30, 2014; Published: Oct. 20, 2014
Views 2570      Downloads 186
Authors
Mohannad Mohammed Jazzar, Faculty of Science and Technology, Hebron University, Hebron, Palestine
Khalil Mohammed Thabayneh, Faculty of Science and Technology, Hebron University, Hebron, Palestine
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The transfer factors of radionuclides (226Ra, 238U, 232Th, 40K and fallout radionuclides 137Cs) from soil to plant and grass collected from the north-west of West Bank environment – Palestine were measured. For soil to plant, the average transfer factor (TF) values were found to be 0.60, 0.50, 0.31, and 1.70 for 226Ra, 238U, 232Th and 40K respectively. For soil to grass the TF values were found to be 1.26, 1.12, 1.15 and 1.20 for 226Ra, 238U, 232Th and 40K respectively. For soil to plant, the average transfer factor values were found to be 0.27 for fallout radionuclides 137Cs. The TF showed wide variation in different species, while a few species of plants indicated preferential uptake of these radionuclides. TF average values from soil to grass were found to be higher than from soil to plant. Results showed that part of the total 226Ra in agricultural soils were from phosphate fertilizers. Because the species of plants were directly involved in the human food chain, information on the concentration level and transfer of radionuclides from soil to plants will provide important data for the environmental risk assessment in such zones. These results have been compared with those of different countries of the world.
Keywords
Activity Concentration, Transfer Factor, Plant, Grass, Caesium-137, Primordial Radionuclides
To cite this article
Mohannad Mohammed Jazzar, Khalil Mohammed Thabayneh, Transfer of Natural Radionuclides from Soil to Plants and Grass in the Western North of West Bank Environment- Palestine, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2014, pp. 252-258. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20140205.14
References
[1]
Alaamer A. S., 2008. Assessment of human exposures tonatural sources of radiation in soil of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Turkish J. Eng. Env. Sci. 32, 229 – 234.
[2]
UNSCEAR, 1993. Sources Effects and Risks of Ionizing Radiation. United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. UNSCEAR,1993, Report to the General Assembly on the Effects of Atomic Radiation, United Nations, New York, USA.
[3]
Thabayneh, K. M. and Jazzar, M. A. 2012. Natural radio activity levels and estimation of radiation exposure in environmental soil samples from Tulkarem Province – Palestine. Open J. of Soil Science, 2, 7-16.
[4]
Kabir K.A., Islam S.M, Rahman M., 2009. Distribution of radionuclides in surface soil and bottom sediment in the district of Jessori, Bangladesh and evaluation of radiation hazard. Journal of Bangladesh Academy of Sciences, 33(1), 117-130.
[5]
Alharbi A. and El-Taher A., 2013. A study on transfer factors of radionuclides from soil to plant. Life Science Journal (2). http://www.lifesciencesite.com
[6]
Chibowski S. and Gładysz A. 1999. Examination of radioactive contamination in the soil-plant system and their transfer to selected animal tissues. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies Vol. 8, No. 1, 19-23.
[7]
Harb S., El-Kamel A. H., Abd El-Mageed A. I., Abbady A. and Rashed W. 2014. Radioactivity levels and soil-to-plant transfer factor of natural radionuclides from Protectorate Area in Aswan, Egypt .World J. of Nuclear Science and Technology, 4, 7-15. Published Online January 2014. http://www.scirp.org/journal/wjnst.
[8]
Shyamal R. C., Rezaul A., Rahman A. R. and Sarker R. 2013. Radioactivity concentrations in soil and transfer factors of radionuclides from soil to grass and plants in the Chittagong City of Bangladesh. Journal of Physical Science, 24(1), 95–113.
[9]
Kuhn, W., Handl, J and Schuller, P., 1984. The influence of soil parameters on 137Cs uptake by plants from long-term fallout on forest clearings and grassland. Health Phys. 46 (5), 1083-1093.
[10]
Chih-Jung Wang, Jeng-Jong Wang, Chih-Yu Chiu, Shu-Ying Lai, Yu-Ming Lin. 2000. Transfer factors of 90Sr and 137Cs from soil to the sweet potato collected in Taiwan. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 47, 15-27.
[11]
Chen S. B., Zhu Y. G. and Hu Q.H.2005. Soil to plant transfer of 238U, 226Ra and 232Th on a uranium mining-impacted soil from southeastern China. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 82, 223-236. www.elsevier.com/locate/jenvrad.
[12]
Manigandan P.K. and Manikandan N.M. 2009. Migration of radionuclide in soil and plants in the Western Ghats environment. Iran. J. Radiat. Res., 2008; 6 (1): 7-12. Journal of Physical Science, Vol. 24(1), 95–113.
[13]
Gogoasa I., Bragea M. and Gergen I. 2012. Soil to plants transfer factor for 226Ra and 235U in Caras Severin area. Journal of Agro alimentary Processes and Technologies, 18 (1), 35-37. Available online at: http://journal-of-agroalimentary.ro.
[14]
Thabayneh K. M. and Jazzar M. M. 2013. Radioactivity levels in some plant samples in the North Western of West - Bank, Palestine and evaluation of the radiation hazard, Radiation Protection Dosimetry, 153(4), pp. 467–474.
[15]
Chakraborty S. R., Azim R., Rahman A. R. and Sarker R.2013. Radioactivity concentrations in soil and transfer factors of radionuclides from soil to grass and plants in the Chittagong City of Bangladesh. Journal of Physical Science,Vol. 24(1), 95–113.
[16]
IAEA, International Atomic Energy Agency. 2010. Handbook of parameter values for the prediction of radionuclide transfer in terrestrial and freshwater environments. Technical reports series no. 472. Vienna: IAEA.
[17]
Martinez-Aguirre, A., Garcia-Leon, M., Ivanovich, M., 1995. U and Th speciation in river sediments. The Science of the Total Environment 173, 203e209.
[18]
Manigandan P. K. 2009. Activity concentration of radionuclides in plants in the environment of western Ghats, India. African Journal of Plant Science, 3 (9), pp. 205-209. http://www.academicjournals.org
[19]
Uchida S. and Tagami K.2007. Soil-to-crop transfer factors of radium in Japanese Agricultural Fields. J. of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, 8(2), 137-142.
[20]
Hamamo H, Landsberger S, Harbottle G, Panno S 1995. Studies of radioactivity and heavy metals in phosphate fertilizer. J Radioanal Nuclear Chem, 194 (2): 331-336.
[21]
Bragea M., Aldave L., Cristache C., Carlos R., Toro L., 2010, Experimental study of the radionuclides transport in soil and plants from waste dump. Proceedings of Third European IRPA Congress, 14−18, Helsinki, Finland.
[22]
Saeed M., Yusof S., Hossain I., Ahmed R., Abdullah H., Shahid M., Ramli A. 2012, Soil to rice transfer factor of the natural radionuclides in Malaysia. Rom. Journ. Phys., Vol. 57, Nos. 9–10, P. 1417–1424, Bucharest.
[23]
IAEA, International Atomic Energy Agency, 1994. “Handbook of Parameter Values for the Prediction Of Radionuclide Transfer in Temperate Environments”, A Guide Book Technical Report Series No.364, Vienna. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulkarm www.pcbs.gov.ps.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186