Variability in Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Isomer Pair Ratio: Source Identification Concern
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 111-117
Received: Mar. 24, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 6, 2015; Published: Apr. 18, 2015
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Authors
Emoyan Onoriode Onos, Environmental and Food Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Delta State University, P.M.B. 1 Abraka, Nigeria
Agbaire Patience Odafe, Environmental and Food Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Delta State University, P.M.B. 1 Abraka, Nigeria
Akporido Samuel Omorovie, Environmental and Food Chemistry Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Delta State University, P.M.B. 1 Abraka, Nigeria
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Abstract
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) toxicity and contamination of both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem have been established PAHs are formed mainly as a result of incomplete combustion of organic materials during industrial and anthropogenic activities. Previous research has focused on various and many PAHs isomer pair ratio of variable physicochemical properties in source identification. The objective of this investigation was to determine the empirical validity of these isomer pairs (Ant/178, Flt/Flt+Pyr, B[a]a/228, I[123-cd]p/I[123-cd]p + B[ghi]p, Flu/Pyr, Phe/Ant, Chr/B([a]a and LPAHs/HPAHs) in source identification along sample station. In this way, 16 priority PAHs were determined in 10 sample stations in top and sub soil seasonally. After extraction, purification and quantification of PAHs was done using GC-FID. Reagents used are of chromatographic grade. Results showed that ratios are skewed either towards pyrolitic and/or petrogenic, and evaluation for petrogenic and pyrolitic source is different with isomer pair in each sample station even in areas were anthropogenic or industrial activity suggest otherwise. A suitable model/mechanism that shall take account of transformation products, type and extent of bacterial metabolism and environmental factors such as: pH, temperature, salinity, oxygen concentration, nutrients, light intensity, soil type as well as the presence of co-substrates and environmental matrix.
Keywords
PAHs Isomer Pair, Petrogenic, Pyrolitic, Variability, Sources Identification
To cite this article
Emoyan Onoriode Onos, Agbaire Patience Odafe, Akporido Samuel Omorovie, Variability in Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Isomer Pair Ratio: Source Identification Concern, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 111-117. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150303.11
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