Heavy Metal Pollution Investigation of Left Bank Outfall Drain of Coastal District Badin, Sindh, Pakistan by Using Arc GIS
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 122-132
Received: Apr. 2, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 11, 2015; Published: Apr. 21, 2015
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Authors
Mohammad Amin Qureshi, Centre for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Ghulam Murtaza Mastoi, Centre for Environmental Sciences, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Sindh, Pakistan
Zulfiqar Ali Laghari, Department of Physiology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
Khalid Hussain Lashari, Department of Fresh Water Biology and Fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
Fouzia Panhwar, Department of Pharmacology, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
Zameer Ali Palh, Department of Fresh Water Biology and Fisheries, University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan
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Abstract
Coastal district Badin of Sindh Pakistan is known as hub of pollution because of surface drain canal network, which continuously carries industrial effluents, municipal wastes, pumped saline water and excess agriculture water of three districts. Agriculture lands, ground water, lakes and Lagoons of the district have been contaminated with toxic heavy metals due to improper infrastructure of Left Bank Outfall Drain. The object of this study was to study the pollution contributed by drains of coastal areas of Badin. Nineteen samples of water were collected from different locations of drains on quarterly basis. Arc GIS was applied for vector mapping. Average results of parameters were EC 5.975 ± 4.956 mS/cm , TDS 3254.17 ± 2810.342 mg/L, Hg 0.0234 ±0.0118 µg/L , Ni 0.0076 ±0.0106mg/L, Cd 0.0245±0.0179mg/L , Zn 0.0393±0.0254mg/L , Cu 0.0890 ± 0.0911 mg/L, Fe 0.0546 ±0.0883mg/L. The results indicated that all parameters were within National Environmental Quality Standards (NEQS) limits of Pakistan for Industrial effluents. High concentration of TDS, and E.C, near the coastal sampling areas, confirmed that, sea water has been facilitated, with backward flow by same drains due to sea tides. Heavy metal results were also within permissible limits of Food Agriculture Organization (FAO) for agriculture use. Drain water may be used for saline agriculture purpose, if properly checked under Environmental Protection Act of Pakistan 1997.
Keywords
LBOD (Left Bank Outfall Drain), Coastal Area of Badin, GIS (Geographic Information System), Industrial Effluent, KPOD (Kadhan Pateji Outfall Drain), DPOD (Dhoro Puran Outfall Drain)
To cite this article
Mohammad Amin Qureshi, Ghulam Murtaza Mastoi, Zulfiqar Ali Laghari, Khalid Hussain Lashari, Fouzia Panhwar, Zameer Ali Palh, Heavy Metal Pollution Investigation of Left Bank Outfall Drain of Coastal District Badin, Sindh, Pakistan by Using Arc GIS, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 122-132. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150303.13
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