Ecological Risk Assessment of Construct Artificial Islands by Fault Tree Analysis Method in the Persian Gulf
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 139-146
Received: Mar. 7, 2015; Accepted: Apr. 17, 2015; Published: Apr. 30, 2015
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Authors
Amin Ahmadi Givi, Department of Environmental Education, Management & Planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran
Sepideh Karimi, Department of Environmental Education, Management & Planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran
Mahdis Sadat, Department of Environmental Education, Management & Planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran
Mahmood Zoghi, Department of Environmental Education, Management & Planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran
Saeed Karimi, Department of Environmental Planning and Management, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran
Negar foroughi, Department of Environmental Education, Management & Planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran
Bahram malekmohamadi, Department of Environmental Planning and Management, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Iran
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Abstract
Development is inevitable in various sectors.One example of these developments is the construction of artificial islands which is man-made and is made for variety of purposes including tourism, economy, and airports, industrial, political and military establishment. Construction of artificial islands is a serious treatment for marine ecosystems. In this way according to the geopolitical situation and the crucial role of Persian Gulf in the region, this golf is not safe against the effects of artificial islands construction and as a valuable ecosystem with high biodiversity has been threatened. Due to the growing trend of construction artificial islands in the Persian Gulf and importance of environmental risk assessment of these structures to analyze the relationships between the various stages of construction and environmental Persian Gulf, Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) was used in order to risk assessment of these structures. As a result it will follow path errors from an event or adverse condition (Top event) to achieving error or causal factors or initiator. The most important risks in Construction artificial island projects include: disorder in food chains, water pollution, hydrodynamic regime changing and damage to plant and animal species. Therefore for achieving sustainable development in the Persian Gulf, deciding about the construction of artificial islands must be more carefully and should be tried to reduce occurrence probability and severity of impacts.
Keywords
Artificial Islands, Marine Ecosystem, Persian Gulf, Fault Tree Analysis, Risk Assessment
To cite this article
Amin Ahmadi Givi, Sepideh Karimi, Mahdis Sadat, Mahmood Zoghi, Saeed Karimi, Negar foroughi, Bahram malekmohamadi, Ecological Risk Assessment of Construct Artificial Islands by Fault Tree Analysis Method in the Persian Gulf, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015, pp. 139-146. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150303.15
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