International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 3, June 2015, Pages: 180-190
Received: Apr. 23, 2015;
Accepted: May 1, 2015;
Published: May 13, 2015
Views 3812 Downloads 92
Amale Mcheik, Laboratory of Biogeochemistry and Ecology of continental regions (IBIOS – BIOEMCO), Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Paris-Est University, Creteil, France ; Laboratory of Materials, Catalysis, Environment and Analytical Methods (MCEMA), Department of Chemistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Mohamad Fakih, Laboratory of Materials, Catalysis, Environment and Analytical Methods (MCEMA), Department of Chemistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Hiba Noureddine, Laboratory of Materials, Catalysis, Environment and Analytical Methods (MCEMA), Department of Chemistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Hussein Trabulsi, Faculty of Economic Sciences and Business Administration, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Joumana Toufaily, Laboratory of Materials, Catalysis, Environment and Analytical Methods (MCEMA), Department of Chemistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Taysir Hamieh, Laboratory of Materials, Catalysis, Environment and Analytical Methods (MCEMA), Department of Chemistry, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon
Evelyne Garnier-Zarli, Laboratory of Biogeochemistry and Ecology of continental regions (IBIOS – BIOEMCO), Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Paris-Est University, Creteil, France
Noureddine Bousserrhine, Laboratory of Biogeochemistry and Ecology of continental regions (IBIOS – BIOEMCO), Department of Biology and Environmental Sciences, Paris-Est University, Creteil, France
The increased deterioration of water resources in Lebanon from progressive urbanization, agricultural activities and development of industries is, according to the natural authorities, a major critical problem by the year 2010. At our study site, at Al-Ghadir River, aqueous solutions containing heavy metals are extensively released from many industries directly to the river. Sediments and soil, at these sites became contaminated with these elements and their potential mobility is of particular concern since downward leaching of the heavy metals may result in the contamination of the groundwater. The objective of the present work was to investigate the bioleaching of heavy metals from the sediments of Al-Ghadir River to underground water using ex-situ column experiments. In order to conciliate the field conditions and the laboratory constraints, we have chosen to experiment the heavy metal leaching from long-term contaminated and non-destructured sediments. Sediments were incubated under anaerobic conditions and enriched with nutrients to stimulate microbial metabolism. The evolution of carbon metabolism and metals leached from the incubated sediment columns were followed over time and the effect of leaching on the distribution of metals as a function of depth was also studied. Results obtained showed that after a phase of mobilization of the heavy metals and which was enhanced by the bacterial activity, the study of the distribution profile of the heavy metals showed that they were highly readsorbed at the surface of the sediment column and their readsorption was found to decrease with depth.
Anaerobic Sediments Decrease the Leaching of Trace Metals to Groundwater, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 3, No. 3,
2015, pp. 180-190.
Jurdi, M. (1992). ‘A National Study on the Quality of Potable Water in Lebanon’, in Proceedings of the National Workshop of the Status of Water in Lebanon, Beirut, Lebanon: 145–173 (in Arabic).
Khair, K.; Aker, N.; Haddad, F.; Jurdi, M. and Hachach, A. (1994). ‘The environmental impacts of humans on ground water in Lebanon’, Water, Air Soil Pollut. 78: 37–49.
Jurdi, M. (1998). ‘Follow up National Environmental Surveillance, 1996’, Unicef Publications, Beirut. (in Arabic).
Sene, K.J.; Marsh, T.J and Hachache, A. (1999), ‘An assessment of the difficulties in quantifying the surface water resources of Lebanon’, Hydro. Sci. J. 44(1): 79–96.
Low, K.S. and Lee, C.K. (1991). Cadmium uptake by the Moss, Calymperes delessertii, Besch, Biores. Technol. 38: 1–6.
Grolimund, D.; Borkovec, M.; Barmettler, K. and Sticher, H. (1996). Colloid-facilitated transport of strongly sorbing contaminants in natural porous media: A laboratory column study. Environ. Sci.Technol. 30: 3118–3123.
Kretzschmar, R., and H. Sticher. (1997). Transport of humic-coated iron oxide colloids in a sandy soil: Influence of Ca2+ and trace metals. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31:3497–3504.
Temminghoff, E.J.M.; van der Zee, S.E.A.T.M. and de Haan, F.A.M. (1997). Copper mobility in a copper contaminated sandy soil as affected by pH, solid and dissolved organic matter. Environ. Sci. Technol. 31:1109–1115.
Kedziorek, M.A.M.; Dupuy, A.; Bourg, A.C.M. and Compère, F. (1998). Leaching of Cd and Pb from a polluted soil during the percolation of EDTA: Laboratory column experiments modeled with a non-equilibrium solubilization step. Environ. Sci. Technol. 32:1609– 1614.
Ross, S.M. (1994). Retention, Transformation and Mobility of Toxic Metals in Soils. In: Toxic Metal in Soil-Plant Systems, pp. 63–152. (Ross, S.M., Ed.) West Sussex, England, John Wiley & Sons.
Alloway, B.J. (1995). Soil processes and the behavior of heavy metals. In: Heavy Metals in Soils, pp. 11-35. (Alloway, B.J., Ed.) Glasgow, Chapman and Hall.
Andras, P.; Lichy, A.; Kusnierova, M.; Krizani, I; Ladomersky, J.; Ruskova, J. and Hroncova, E. (2009). Heavy metal distribution at dump-field Lubietova - Podlipa and possibilities of clay fraction natural sorbent utilisation. Acta Montanistica Slovaca, 14(2): 127-142.
Stevenson, F.J. (1994). Humus Chemistry. Genesis, Composition and Reactions. Wiley-Intersc. Publ., New-York.
McBride, M.B. (1994). Environmental Chemistry of Soils, New York, Oxford University Press.
Amusan, A.A. and I.F. Adeniyi, I.F. (2005). Genesis, classification and heavy metal retention potential of soils in mangrove forest, Niger Delta, Nigeria. J. Hum. Ecol., 17(4): 255-261.
Onweremadu, E.U. (2008). Physico – chemical characterization of a farmland affected by wastewater in relation to heavy metals. J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. A., 9(3): 366-372.
Motos, G.D. and Arruda, M.A.Z. (2003). Vermicompost as natural adsorbent for removing metal ions from laboratory effluents, Process Biochem. 39: 81–88.
Bousserrhine, N. (1995). “Etude de paramètres de la réduction bactérienne du fer et application à la defferification de minéraux industriels”, Université Henry Poincaré, Nancy I : 331.
Lovley, D.R. (1991). Dissimilatory Fe (III) and Mn (IV) reduction. Microbiological reviews; 55: 259-287.
Tormo, M.A. and Izco, J.M. (2004). “Alternative reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography method to analyse organic acids in dairy products”, Journal of Chromatography A, 1033(2): 305-310.
Muyzer, G.; de Waal, E.C. et Uitterlinden, A.G. (1993). Profiling of complex microbial populations by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis analysis of polymerase chain reaction amplified genes coding for 16S rRNA. Appl. Environ. Microbiol; 59: 695-700.
Charlatchka, R. and Cambier, P. (2000). “Influence of Reducing Conditions on Solubility of Trace Metals in Contaminated Soils”, Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 118: 143-168.
Dassonville, F.; Godon, J.J.; Renault, P.; Richaume, A. and Cambier, P. (2004). “Microbial dynamics in an anaerobic soil slurry amended with glucose, and their dependence on geochemical processes”, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 36: 1417-1430.
Fakih, M.; Alphonse, V.; Garnier-Zarli, E. and Bousserrhine, N. (2010). “Mercury mobilization in ferralitic soils under reductive conditions”, Science of the Total Environment.
Lovley, D.R. and Phillips, E.JP. (1988). “Novel mode of microbial energy metabolism: organic carbon oxidation coupled to dissimilatory reduction of iron or manganese”. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 54: 1472-1480.
Rajot, J.-L. (1992). Dissolution des oxydes de fer (hématite et goethite) d'un sol ferralitique des Llanos de Colombie par des bactéries ferri-réductrices. Université de Nancy; 185.
Sims, J.L. and Patrick, W.H. (1978). “The distribution of micronutrient cations in soil under conditions of varying redox potential and pH”, Soil Science Society of America Journal, 42: 258-262.
Calmano, W.; Hong, J. and Förstner, U. (1993). “Binding and mobilization of heavy metals in contaminated sediments affected by pH and redox potential”, Water Science and Technology, 28.
Chuan, M.C.; Shu, G.Y. and Liu, J.C. (1996). “Solubility of heavy metals in a contaminated soil: Effects of redox potential and pH”, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 90: 543-556.
Stumm, W.; Morgan, J.J. (1996). “Aquatic chemistry, chemical equilibria and rates in natural waters”, Trace Metals: Cycling, Regulation, and Biological Role. 3rd ed. John Wiley and Sons, Inc, USA.
Chen, S.Y. and Lin, J.G. (2001). “Bioleaching of heavy metals from sediments: significance of pH”, Chemosphere, 44: 1093-1102.
Gundersen, P. and Steinnes, E. (2003). “Influence of pH and TOC concentration on Cu, Zn, Cd and Al speciation in rivers”, Water Research, 37: 307-318.
Qureshi, S.; Richards, B.K.; Hay, A.G.; Tsai, C.C.; Mcbride, M.B.; Baveye, P. and Steenhuis, T.S. (2003). “Effect of microbial activity on trace element release from sewage sludge”, Environmental Science & Technology; 37: 3361-3366.
Yang, J.Y.; Yang, X.E.; He, Z.L.; Li, T.Q.; Shentu, J.L. and Stoffela, P.J. (2006). “Effects of pH, organic acids, and inorganic ions on lead dissolution from soils”, Environmental Pollution, 143: 9-15.
Linde, M.; Öborn, I. & Gustafsson, J.P. (2007). Effects of changed soil conditions on the mobility of trace metals in moderately contaminated urban soils. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 183: 69-83.
Korte, N.E.; Scopp, J.; Fuller, W.H.; Niebla, E.E. and Alesii, B.A. (1976). Trace element movement in soils: Influence of soil physical and chemical properties. Soil Sci. 122: 350–359.
Sánchez-Camazano, M. and Sánchez-Martín, M.J. (1993). Mobility of cadmium as influenced by soil properties, studied by soil thin layer chromatography. J. Chromatograph.: 357-362.
Sánchez-Camazano, M.; Sánchez-Martín, M.J. and Lorenzo, L.F. (1994). Content and distribution of cadmium in natural soils as influenced by soil properties. Sci. Total Environ. 156: 183–190.
Hargital, L. (1995). Some aspects of the mobility and distribution of toxic heavy metals contaminants in soil profiles and river sediments. Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem. 59: 317–325.
Sánchez-Camazano, M.; Sánchez-Martín, M.J. and Lorenzo, L.F. (1998). Significance of soil properties for content and distribution of cadmium and lead in natural calcareous soils. Sci. Total Environ. 218: 217–226.
Tyler, L.D. and McBride, M.B. (1982). Mobility and extractability of cadmium, copper, nickel, and zinc in inorganic and mineral soil columns. Soil Sci. 134: 189–205.
Hickey, M.G. and Kittrick, J.A. (1984). Chemical partitioning of cadmium, copper, nickel and zinc in soils and sediments containing high levels of heavy metals. J. Environ. Qual. 13: 373–376.
Missana, T.; Garcia-Guttierez, U. and Alonso, U. (2008). Sorption of strontium onto illite/smectite mixed clays. Phys. Chem. Earth, 33(Supl. 1): 156-162.
Amer, M.W.; Khalili F.I. and Awwad, A.M. (2010). Adsorption of lead, zinc and cadmium ions on polyphosphate-modified kaolinite clay. J. Environ. Chem. Ecotoxicol., 2(1): 001-008.
Camobreco, V.J.; Richards, B.K.; Steenhuis, T.S.; Peverly, J.H. and McBride, M.B. (1996). Movement of heavy metals through undisturbed and homogenized soil columns. Soil Sci. 161: 740–750.
Kabata-Pendias, A. et Pendias, H. (2001). Trace elements in soils and plants. 3rd CRC Press, BocaRaton, London, New-York, Washington, DC: 403.