The Implication of Residual Bacterial Isolates from Port Harcourt Waters
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 5, October 2015, Pages: 312-316
Received: Oct. 17, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 27, 2015; Published: Nov. 13, 2015
Views 3316      Downloads 53
Author
Prince Chinonso Nnadozie, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, College of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The implication of residual bacterial isolates from two Port Harcourt waters: Abonnema Wharf (A) and Tourist Beach (B) were investigated in this study. A total of twelve (12) bacterial genera were isolated and mostly, which are of great public health concern, and are the cause of Enteric diseases in humans. Bacterial species was more diverse at B than A. Faecal coliforms were found as abundant species beyond regulatory permissible limits in the waters, indicating Pollution of the aquatic systems. The enumeration method employed was the Membrane filtration, where the residues were incubated at 350C for isolation of total coliforms and 44.50C for Faecal coliform for 24 – 48 hours. Sewage contamination from humans and animals excrements, erosion/run-off, industrial effluents and oil spillage may have profound effect on the waters studied. The result of the study is a wake-up call for community involvement to protect water bodies and supplies from Pollution and to perform basic local surveillance and maintenance of water and sanitation systems.
Keywords
Enteric Diseases, Faecal Coliforms, Pollution, Membrane Filtration
To cite this article
Prince Chinonso Nnadozie, The Implication of Residual Bacterial Isolates from Port Harcourt Waters, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 5, 2015, pp. 312-316. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150305.21
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Abu, G. O. and Nnadozie, P. C. (2015) Faecal Pollution and Enteric Bacterial Distribution in Port Harcourt Waters: A Case Study of Abonnema Wharf and Tourist Beach Waters. Int. J. of Sc. Res. and Educ., 3 (9): 4462 – 4472, http://ijsae.in/ijsaeems/index.php/ijsa e/article/view/967,doi:http://dx.doi.o rg/10.18535/ijsre/v3i9.17.
[2]
Alam, M. N., Elahi, F., Didar, U. L., and Alam, M. D. (2006) Risk and Water Quality Assessment Overview of River Sitalakhya in Bangladesh. Academic Open Internet J. 19 ISSN 1311- 4360 [online] http://www.acadjournal.com.
[3]
Archibong, A. E. (1986), Bacteriological Examination of Tap and Stream Water from Five Villages in Port Harcourt, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Pg. 27.
[4]
Bezuidenhout, C. C., Mthembu, C., Puckree, T., and Lin, J. (2002) Microbiological Evaluation of the Mhlathuze River, Kwazulu-Natal (RSA). Water SA. 28(3): 281- 286.
[5]
Cheesbrough, M. (1984) Medical Laboratory Manual for Tropical Countries. 2nd ed. Butter Worth- Heinman Ltd. Pp. 206 – 231.
[6]
Cheesbrough, M. (2006) District Laboratory Practice in Tropical Countries, Part 2. 2nd Ed., Cambridge University Press publication, South Africa, pp. 1 – 434.
[7]
Duncan, J. W. K. (1985), Water Supplies and Health of Africans, Principles and Practice of Community Health in Africa, Pp. 88 – 97.
[8]
Gerba, C. P. (2000) Indicator microorganisms, Environmental Microbiology, Chapter 23, Pp. 485 – 489.
[9]
Jones, G. J. (1971), Studies of Fresh Water Bacteria, Factors which Influence their Population and Activities, J. of Ecology. Pp. 593 – 661.
[10]
Kifferstein, B. and Krantz, D (1998) Water Pollution and Society. [online]http://www.umich.edu/gs265/ society/waterpollution.html
[11]
Morrison, G., Fatoki, O. S., Persson, L., and Ekberg, A. (2001) Assessment of the Impact of Point Source Pollution from the Keiskammahoek Sewage Treatment Plant on the Keiskamma River. Water SA. 27(4):475 - 480.
[12]
Nduka, O. (1985) Aquatic and Waste Microbiology. Published by Fourth Dimension Publishing Co., Ltd, Enugu, Nigeria. Pp. 1 – 127.
[13]
Odokuma, L.O., and Okpokwasili, G. C. (1997) Seasonal Influences of the Organic Pollution Monitoring of the New Calabar River, Nigeria. Environ. Monitor. Assess. 45:43 – 56.
[14]
Prescott, L. M., Harley, J. P., and Klein, D. A. (2008), Microbiology, 6th ed., McGraw–Hill, New York, USA, Pg. 26, 1050 - 1053.
[15]
Santamaria, J. and Toranzos, G. A. (2003) Enteric Pathogen and Soil: A Short Review. Int. Microbiol. 6: 5 – 9. DOI: 10.1007/s10123-003-0096-1.
[16]
Sinton, L. W., Donnison, A. M., and Hastie, C. M. (1993) Faecal Streptococci as Faecal Pollution Indicators: a review.11.sanitary significance, survival, and use. N.Z .J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 27:117 – 137.
[17]
USEPA (1986) Total Coliform: Membrane Filter Technique. Method 9132, Pp. 1 – 13.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186