Particle Sizes of Aerosols Produced by Nine Indoor Perfumes and Deodorants
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 377-381
Received: Nov. 4, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 25, 2014; Published: Dec. 7, 2015
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Authors
Jean-François Bertholon, Aerosols Particle Sizing and Lung Deposition Laboratory, Pulmonary Function Department, Paris, France; Epidemiology of Allergic and Respiratory Diseases Department (EPAR), Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France; Medical School, Sorbonnes Universités, Paris, France
Marie-Hélène Becquemin, Aerosols Particle Sizing and Lung Deposition Laboratory, Pulmonary Function Department, Paris, France; Paris Diderot, University Paris Cité, Paris, France
Monique Roy, Aerosols Particle Sizing and Lung Deposition Laboratory, Pulmonary Function Department, Paris, France
Francis Roy, SureDyna Montrouge, Paris, France
David Ledur, Ecomesure, Janvry, Paris, France
Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Epidemiology of Allergic and Respiratory Diseases Department (EPAR), Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France; Medical School, Sorbonnes Universités, Paris, France
Bertrand Dautzenberg, Epidemiology of Allergic and Respiratory Diseases Department (EPAR), Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique (IPLESP UMRS 1136), Sorbonne Universités, Paris, France; Pneumology Department, Assistance Publique Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France
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Abstract
Air fresheners are very popular and their aerosols contain components known to be toxic but we lack data on their penetration in the lungs which is dependent on their particle sizes. Thus we measured the particles sizes of various indoor deodorants and/or perfumes and derived an estimation of their regional deposition in the lungs. We used an Electronical Low Pressure Impactor which can separate aerodynamic diameters as low as 0.006 (6 nm) and as high as 10 µm. For all of our samples, 82 to 99% of the total number of particles have sizes of less than 0.3 µm and are thus susceptible to penetrate up to the smallest bronchi and alveoli: for a nose-breathing adult the probability of deposition in the airways of an aerosol with a MMAD of 0.2 µm is of 30% of the inhaled quantity, of which 15 % in alveoli and 3% in the bronchi according to the ICRP model. These results suggest a deposition in the deep lung and thus a potential for diffusion into the blood for most of the tested products.
Keywords
Air Fresheners, Deodorizers, Vapors, Fumes, Airways Deposition, Indoor Pollution
To cite this article
Jean-François Bertholon, Marie-Hélène Becquemin, Monique Roy, Francis Roy, David Ledur, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, Bertrand Dautzenberg, Particle Sizes of Aerosols Produced by Nine Indoor Perfumes and Deodorants, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 377-381. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150306.11
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