Epiphyton Algae on Aquatic Macrophyte (Water Hyacinth) in a Tropical Lagoon and Their Possible Use as Indicator
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 3, Issue 6, December 2015, Pages: 404-410
Received: Oct. 26, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 16, 2015; Published: Dec. 7, 2015
Views 3487      Downloads 74
Authors
K. S. Effiong, Department of Marine Sciences, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, University of Lagos, Akoka, Lagos, Nigeria
A. I. Inyang, Department of Marine Biology, Faculty of Natural and Applied Sciences, Akwa Ibom State University, Ikot Apaden, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The epiphyton on aquatic macrophyte “Water hyacinth” and their possible use as indicator of environmental change in Yewa Lagoon, Nigeria were undertaken for six months (December, 2012- May, 2013), to know the health status of the environment and also identify pollution tolerant individual in the area. A total of 4710 individuals of 39 species belonging to 4 divisions were identified. A total of 4070 individuals (86.42%) represents Bacillariophyta division while 205 (4.35%), 255 (5.41%) and 180 (3.82%) individuals represent Chlorophyta, Cyanophyta and Euglenophyta respectively. Dissolved oxygen values range from 7.6mg/L to 2.8mg/L throughout the study period. Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) varied between 7.0mg/L and 16.0mg/L. Transparency was highest (≤48.5cm) in dry months and lowest (≤28.0cm). Epiphyton biomass were higher in the dry months. The pennate diatoms dominated the whole algal community. The following ideal species were recorded and could be used as biomonitoring of organic contamination in the lagoon, these include; Gomphonema parvulum, Synedra acus, Surirella ovata and Pinnularia major, Pondorina morum, Trachelomonas hispida, Phacus longicuda and Euglena sp.
Keywords
Biomonitoring, Epiphyton, Tropical Lagoon, Nutrients, Water Hyacinth
To cite this article
K. S. Effiong, A. I. Inyang, Epiphyton Algae on Aquatic Macrophyte (Water Hyacinth) in a Tropical Lagoon and Their Possible Use as Indicator, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 404-410. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20150306.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Egborge, A. B. N (1988). Water hyacinth- Biological museum. Proceedings of International Workshop on Water Hyacinth, Lagos 7-12 August 1988. 52-70.
[2]
Nwankwo, D.I. (1984). Seasonal changes of phytoplankton of Lagos and adjacent sea in relation to environmental factors, Ph.D. Thesis. University of Lagos. 447pp.
[3]
Nwankwo, D.I. (1988). A preliminary checklist of phytoplankton algae in Lagos Lagoon Nigeria. Nigerian journal of Botanical Applied Sciences. 2 (2): 73-85.
[4]
Nwankwo, D.I. (1990). Contribution to the Diatom flora of Nigeria. Diatoms of Lagos Lagoon and the adjacent sea. Nigeria Journal of Botany. 3: 53-70.
[5]
Nwankwo, D.I. and Akinsoji, A. (1988). The benthic algal community on water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms. In coastal waters of south western Nigeria, Archivfuer Hydrobiologie. 124 (4): 501-511.
[6]
Nwankwo, D.I. (1991). Phytoplankton algae on fish fences ‘acadja’ in a tropical open lagoon. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences. 17: 1-10.
[7]
Nwankwo, D.I. and Akinsoji, A. (1992). Epiphyte community on water hyacinth Eichhornia crassipes (Mart) Solms. In coastal waters on south-western Nigeria. Archive Hydrobiologie. 124 (4): 501-511.
[8]
Nwankwo, D.I. and Onitiri, A.O. (1992). Periphyton community on submerged aquatic macrophytes (Hornwort and Bladderwort) in Epe Lagoon, Nigeria. Agric. Sci. Technol. 2 (2): 135-141.
[9]
Gaiser, E. (2008). Epiphyton as an indicator of restoration in the Everglades: Ecological indicators. Elsevier Publishers. 9 (6): 230-248.
[10]
Lawson, G.W., Peter, I. Biswas, S, Biswas, E.R.I. and Peynolds, J.D. (1969). Hydrobiological work of the volta basin Reasearch Project 1963-1968.Bulletin de L’institut Fundamental d’Afrique Noire, A 36 (1): 51-61.
[11]
Lawson, G.W. (1970). Lessons of the Volta- a new man-made lake in the tropical Africa. Biological Conservation. 2: 90-96.
[12]
Thomas, J.D., Nwankwo, D.I. and Sterry, P.R. (1985). The feeding strategies of juvenile and adult Biomphalaria glabrata (say) under simulated natural conditions and their relevance to ecological theory and control. Proceedings of the Royal Society, London, B 226: 177-209.
[13]
Welch, B.O and Isaac, F.D. (1973). Plant community dynamics in a chain of lakes; principle factors in the decline of rooted macrophytes with eutrophication. Hydrobiologia. 173: 199-415.
[14]
Laugaste, R. and Ruemamen, M. (2005). The composition and density of epiphyton in some macrophyte species in the partly meromictic lake Verevi. Hydrobiologia. Vol. 547.(5).137-150.
[15]
Lakatos, G., Kiss, M., Mezaros, I. (1999). Heavy metals contents of common red (phragmite australis/cav./Trini Ex Steudel) and its epiphyton in Hungarian shallow standing waters. Hydrobilogia. Vol. 37(4). S: 437-445.
[16]
Michael, E.S. Michael, E.M., Douglas, A.J. (2006). Benthos as the basis for arctic lake food webs. Aquatic Ecology. Vol. 37 (4).430-447.
[17]
Lowe, R.L (1996). Periphyton partterns in lakes. In: Stevenson R.J, Bothwell, M.L, Lowe, R.L. (Eds.). Algal Ecology. Freshwater Benthic Ecosystems. 57-76.
[18]
Dakashini, K.M.M. and Soni, J.K. (1982). Diatom distribution and status of organic pollution in sewage drains. Hydrobiologia. 87: 205-209.
[19]
Munawar, M. (1972). Ecological study of Euglenacaea in certain polluted and unpolluted environments. Hydrobiologia, 39 (3): 307-320.
[20]
Palmer, C.M. (1969). A composite rating of algae tolerating organic pollution. Journal of Phacology.2 (1): 79-82.
[21]
Valandinghan, L.B. (1976). Peculiarities of epiphyton algal communities formation on different macrophyte species [Skirtingu makrofitu rusiu epifitono dumbliu bendriju formavimosi ypatumai]. Bot.Lith., 18 (2): 154-163.
[22]
Saad, M.A.H. and Antoine, S.E. (1983). Effect of pollution on phytoplankton in the Asher canal, a highly polluted canal of the Shatt-Al-Arab Estuary at the Basrah, Iraq. Hydrobiologia. 99 (3): 189-196.
[23]
Pentalow, F.K.T, Hynes, H.B and Wilson, C.D (1938). The Biology of Polluted Waters. University of waterloo, Ontario, Canada. 336pp.
[24]
Casterlin, M.E. and Reynolds, W.W. (1977). Seasonal succession and cultural eutrophication in a north temperate lake. Hydrobiologia. 54: 99-108.
[25]
Munawar, M. (1974). Limnological studies on fresh ponds of Hyderabad, India. IV: The Biocenose-periodicity and species composition of unicellular and colonial phytoplankton in polluted and unpolluted environments. Hydrobiologia, 45: 1-32.
[26]
Welch,P.S. (1948). Limnological Methods. McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York, 370pp.
[27]
APHA (1998). Standard Methods for the Examination Water and Sewage, 16th ed. American Public Health Association incorporated. Washington D.C. 1268pp.
[28]
Forester, J. and Schlichting, H. (1965). Phyco-periphyton in an oligotrophic lake. Transactions of Amrican Microscopic Society. 84: 485-502.
[29]
Nwankwo, D.I. (1993). Cyanobacteria bloom species in coastal waters South-West Nigeria. Archive Fur Hydrobiologie. 90: 543-55.
[30]
Nwankwo, D.I. (1996). Phytoplankton diversity and succession in Lagos Lagoon, Nigeria. Archive Fur Hydrobiologie. 135 (4): 529-542.
[31]
Barclay, M.H. (1966). An ecological study of a temporary pond near Auckland, New Zealand. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Reasearch, 17: 239-258.
[32]
Onyenekan, J.A. (1987). Benthic macrofuana communities of Lagos Lagoon Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Sciences. 21 (182): 45-51.
[33]
Thomas, J.D (1966). Some preliminary observation on the fauna and flora of a small man-made Lake in the West African Savanna. Bulletin de L’Institut Foundamental D’Afrique Noire: TXXVIII ser A (2): 542-562.
[34]
AI Inyang, KS Effiong and MU Dan (2015). A Comparative Study of the Periphyton on Eichhornia crassipes and Phytoplankton Communities: An Overview of Environmental Conditions at Ejirin Part of Epe Lagoon, South Western Nigeria. British Journal of Applied Science & Technology. 10(5): 1-23pp.
[35]
Buthcher, R.W. (1949). The biological detection of pollution. Institute of sewage purification Journal. 2: 92-97.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186