Fluoride Concentration in Ground Water Around an Aluminium Smelter Plant (A Case Study) in Angul–Talcher Industrial Belt, Odisha, India
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 1, February 2016, Pages: 1-5
Received: Nov. 15, 2015; Accepted: Dec. 4, 2015; Published: Dec. 30, 2015
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Authors
Allian Majhi, Department of Chemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Denkanal, Odisha, India
Subhra Keshari Biswal, Department of Chemistry, Indira Gandhi Institute of Technology, Denkanal, Odisha, India
Kedar Mohapatra, Department of Chemistry, Gandhi Institute of Technological Advancement, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
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Abstract
Fluoride is the naturally-occurring stable form of the gaseous element fluorine (F). Fluoride is among the top 15 most abundant components on the Earth’s crust [21] and is naturally found in very small amounts in most aquifers in India [23]. An aquifer is an underground unit of saturated earth materials that can provide usable quantities of ground water to a well [5]. This paper gives the result of fluoride measurement in ground water around a major Aluminium smelter plant in India. The concentration of different water quality parameters like pH, electrical conductivity, total alkalinity, bicarbonate, chloride, nitrate, sulfate, total hardness, total dissolved salts, calcium and magnesium are estimated along with fluoride in ground water. Over 216 water samples are taken for analysis for a period of 12 months. The paper also reports the result of correlation coefficient between different water quality parameters.
Keywords
Fluoride Concentration, Al-smelter Plant, Ground Water, Physicochemical Parameters, Correlation
To cite this article
Allian Majhi, Subhra Keshari Biswal, Kedar Mohapatra, Fluoride Concentration in Ground Water Around an Aluminium Smelter Plant (A Case Study) in Angul–Talcher Industrial Belt, Odisha, India, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2016, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20160401.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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