Sources, Sites and Components of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) from Animal Agriculture in West Papua Province, Indonesia
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 121-126
Received: Jul. 22, 2016;
Accepted: Aug. 5, 2016;
Published: Sep. 2, 2016
Views 3557 Downloads 103
Deny A. Iyai, Departmentof Animal Production, Faculty of Animal Sciences, the State University of Papua, Jl. Gunung Salju, Amban. Manokwari, Papua Barat
Yubelince Y. Runtuboi, Department of Forest Conservancy, Faculty of Forestry, Papua University, Jl. Gunung Salju, Amban. Manokwari, Papua Barat
Environmental status of an area needs to be recognized with both locally and globally measureable indicators. Papua Barat has played important roles as carbon sink of the world with its forest cover. However, recently many areas are being converted for several functions. Agricultural function is a leading sector for the environmental degradation with emissions uncounted produced. Data collected from nine regencies compiled by West Papua province environmental department were accounted for. Quantifications were made to compute average emission resulted from large livestock, small livestock and poultry-manure production. Manure and slurry were the main sources of GHGs emissions, i.e. CO2, CH4 and N2O. The highest contribution was produced by poultry followed by large livestock and small livestock (p<0.01). In terms of poultry, broiler was the highest (p<0.05) compared to village chicken, egg poultry and duck. The three highest producing emissions are Manokwari, Kota Sorong and Sorong.
Deny A. Iyai,
Yubelince Y. Runtuboi,
Sources, Sites and Components of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) from Animal Agriculture in West Papua Province, Indonesia, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis.
Vol. 4, No. 5,
2016, pp. 121-126.
Anonimous. 2005. Livestock-Environment Interaction. Briefing notes; production systems management.http://www.virtualcentre.org/selector.htm
Bapedalda Papua Barat. 2009. Status lingkungan hidup daerah provinsi Papua Barat. Draft Final laporan.
Cole, C. V., J. Duxbury, J. Freney, O. Heinemeyer, K. Minami, A. Mosier, K. Paustian, N. Rosenberg, N. Sampson, D. Saurbeck & Q. Zhao. 1997. Global estimates of potential mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions by agriculture. Nutrient cycling in agroecosystems 49: 221-228.
Denman, K. L., Chidthaisong, A., Ciais, P., Cox, P. M., Dickinson, R. E., Hauglustaine, D., Heinze, C., Holland, E., Jacob, D., Lohmann, U., Ramachandran, S., da Silvas Dias, P. L., Wofsy, S. C. and Zhang, X. 2007. ‘Couplings between changes in the climate system and biochemistry’, in S. Solomon, D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K. B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H. L. Miller (eds) Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 499–587.
Gonzalez-avalos, E, & L. G. Ruiz-Suarez. 2001. Methane emissions factors from cattle manure in Mexico. Bioresour. Technol. 80: 63-71.
Hindrichsen, I. K., H. R. Wettstein, A. Machmuller, M. Keuzer. 2005. Methane emission, nutrient degradation and nutrient turnover in dairy cows and their slurry at different milk production scenarios with and without concentrate supplementation. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 113: 150-161.
IPCC. 1996. Climate change (1995); Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation of Climate Change. Scientific Technical analysis. Contribution of Working group II to the second assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Watson RT, Zinyowera MC and Moss RH (eds) Cambridge University Press, New York.
Jhonson, D. E., Johnson, K. A., Ward, G. M., Branine, M. E. 2000. Ruminants and other animals. In Khalil, M. A. K (Ed.), Atmospheric Methane: Its role in the global environmental. Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Germany, pp. 112-133.
Johannson, D. E., Hill T. M., Ward G. M., Johannson K. A., Branine M. E., Carmen B. R. & Lodman D.W. 1993. Ruminants and other animals. In: Khalil MAK (ed.) Atmospheric methane; sources, sinks, and role in Global Change, Springer-Verlag, NY, pp 199-299
Lindau, C. W., Bollich P. K., DeLaune R. D., Mosier A. R. & Bronson K. F. 1993. Methane mitigation in flooded Lousiama rice fields. Biol Fertil Soils 15: 174-178.
Mollenhorst, H., P. B. M. Berenstein, I. M. J. de Boer. On-farm quantificaion of sustainability indicators; an implication to egg production systems. Submitted to British poultry science.
Neue, H. U. 1992. Agronomic practices affecting methane fluxes from rice cultivation. In: Ojima DS and Svensson BH (ed). Ecol Bull, Copenhagen 42: 174-182.
Ott, R. L. and M. Longnecker 2001. An introduction to statistical methods and data analysis. 5th Edition. Texas A & M University. Wadsworht Group USA.
Reay, Dave, Pete Smith, and Andre van Amstel. 2010. Methane sources and the global methane budget. Dave Reay, Pete Smith and Andre van Amstel (Ed). Methane and Climate Change. Eathcan publishing for sustainable future. London. UK.
Redefining Progress. Ecological footprints accounts: moving sustainability from concept to measureable goal. http://www.RedefiningProgress.org.
Widarto, L & Fx. Sudarto. 1997. Membuat Biogas. Teknologitepatguna. Kanisius. Yogyakarta.