Pre-treatment of Yeast Production Wastewater and Hydrogen Production Based on MF-CSTR Process
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 131-139
Received: Oct. 16, 2016; Published: Oct. 17, 2016
Views 3481      Downloads 129
Authors
Ding J., School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Jiang J. Y., School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Liu X. S., School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, China
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Wastewater produced during the yeast production has high COD concentration, chroma and turbidity and it is difficult to dissolve the water, which has constrained the development of yeast industry. This thesis researched the process of pretreatment of wastewater from yeast production wastewater. Membrane filtering was introduced to hold back the yeast existed in the wastewater. The filtered water was sent to produce hydrogen in anaerobic environment, while the residue was sent to extract protein. The filtering process utilized the PVDF membrane with an aperture of 0.2μm can hold back the yeast sufficiently. According to the transmembrane pressure, 10days worked as a period to clean the membrane at the aeration of 0.15m3•h-1. The cost as well as the profit is compared, which showed that for a yeast factory which had a daily wastewater production of 1 000m3, the profit could be as high as 1 090 yuan•d-1. Intermittent shake flask tests were conducted to study the difference of hydrogen production between direct anaerobic digestion and anaerobic digestion after filtration. When influent pH was 5.00, the hydrogen percentage of filtered group was 49.69%, which exceeded the group without filtration by 20.34%. The HRT and OLR were tested for CSTR to get the highest hydrogen production through anaerobic fermentation of the filtered yeast industry wastewater. Results showed that, when HRT was 8h and OLR was 24kgCOD•m-3•d-1, the system can get the highest biohydrogen production rate at 13.2L•d-1. This test suggested that MF-CSTR pretreatment process can simultaneously treat yeast industry wastewater effectively and realize resource recovery from yeast protein and energy recovery and utilization from hydrogen, which provides the theoretical foundation for the treatment and resource utilization from yeast industry wastewater.
Keywords
Yeast Production Wastewater, Membrane Filtration, CSTR, Biohydrogen Production
To cite this article
Ding J., Jiang J. Y., Liu X. S., Pre-treatment of Yeast Production Wastewater and Hydrogen Production Based on MF-CSTR Process, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 4, No. 5, 2016, pp. 131-139. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20160405.13
References
[1]
Hosseini SE, Andwari AM, Wahid MA, et al. A review on green energy potential in Iran. vol 27, Renew Sustain Energy Rev, 2013, pp 533-45.
[2]
Hosseini SE, Wahid MA, Aghili N. The scenario of greenhouse gases reduction in Malaysia. Vol 28, Renew Sustain Energy Rev, 2013, pp 400–9.
[3]
Periyasamy S. Biswarup S, Chiu-Yue, L. High-rate fermentative hydrogen production from beverage wastewater. vol 14, 2015, pp 1-9.
[4]
Kapdan IK, Kargi F. Bio-hydrogen production from waste materials. vol 38, Enzyme Microb Technol, 2006, pp 569–82.
[5]
Periyasamy S, Gopalakrishnan K, et al. Feasibility of enriched mixed cultures obtained by repeated batch transfer in continuous hydrogen fermentation. vol 41, International Journal of Hydrogen energy, 2006, pp 4393-4403.
[6]
Karadag D, Koroglu OE, Ozkaya B, Cakmakci M, Heaven S, Banks C. A review on fermentative hydrogen production from dairy industry wastewater. vol 89, J Chem Technol Biotechnol, 2014;pp 1627-36.
[7]
Lin CY, Lay CH, Sen B, Chu CY, Kumar G, Chen CC, et al. Fermentative hydrogen production from wastewaters: a review and prognosis. vol 37, Int J Hydrogen Energy, 2012, pp 15632–42.
[8]
Mustafa E, Recep K, Hale O. Source Based Characterization and Pollution Profile of a Baker's Yeast Industry [J]. vol 39, Clean - Soil, Air, Water: A Journal of Sustainability and Environmental Safety, 2011, pp. 543-548.
[9]
Z. Lianga, Y. Wang, Y. Zhou, H. Liu, Coagulation removal of melanoidins from biologically treated molasses wastewater using ferric chloride. vol 152, Chem. Eng. J. 2009, pp:88–94.
[10]
M. Kobya, S. Delipinar, Treatment of the baker’s yeast wastewater by electrocoagulation. vol 154, J. Hazard. Mater. 2008, pp 1133–1140.
[11]
Saareleht M, Vaarmets E, Menert T: Liquid and gas chromatographic studies of the anaerobic degradation of baker’s yeast wastewater. Vol 3, Procedia Chem 2010, pp. 120–129.
[12]
Marcucci M, Nosenzo G, Capannelli G. Treatment and reuse of textile effluents based on new ultrafiltration and other membrane technologies. Vol 138, Desalination, 2001, pp.75–82.
[13]
S.H. Mutlu, U. Yetis, T. Gurkan, L. Yilmaz, Decolorization of wastewater of a baker’s yeast plant by membrane processes, vol 54, Water Res. 2002, pp 609–616.
[14]
M. Liu, H. Zhu, B. Dong, Y. Zheng, S. Yu, C. Gao, Submerged nanofiltration of biologically treated molasses fermentation wastewater for the removal of melanoidins, vol 223, Chem. Eng. J. 2013, pp 388–394.
[15]
A. Rahimpour, M. Jahanshahi, M. Peyravi, Development of pilot scale nanofiltration system for yeast industry wastewater treatment, vol 12 J. Environ. Health Sci. Eng. 2014, pp 1–7.
[16]
American Public Health Association, AWWA, Water Environment Federation. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 20th ed. Washington, D. C., USA: APHA, AWWA, and WEF; 1998.
[17]
Show KY, Lee DJ, Chang JS. Bioreactor and process design for biohydrogen production. vol 102, Bioresour Technol 2011, pp 8524–33.
[18]
G. F. Zhu, J. Z. Li, P. Wu, H. Z. Jin, Z. Wang, The performance and phase separated characteristics of an anaerobic baffled reactor treating soybean protein processing wastewater. Vol 99, Bioresource Technology, pp. 8027-8033.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186