Chemical Characterization and Source Determination of Trace Elements in PM2.5 and PM10 from an Urban Area, Northern Jordan
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 5, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 103-108
Received: May 13, 2017; Accepted: May 24, 2017; Published: Jul. 10, 2017
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Idrees F. Al-Momani, Chemistry Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan
Wisam M. Shatnawi, Chemistry Department, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan
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PM2.5 and PM10 atmospheric particulate material samples were collected from Irbid city, Northern Jordan using a dichotomous air sampler. Collected samples were digested and analyzed for 17 elements (Al, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, V and Zn) using ICP-OES. Levels of measured elements were compared to concentrations in many other locations worldwide. Concentrations of most elements are in the lower limits of the reported values for urban and sub-urban sites. Elements of natural sources; Al, Ca, Fe, and P have higher concentrations compared to other cities worldwide. Results indicated that, elements of crustal origin are associated with the coarse particles, while elements of anthropogenic origins are more associated with fine particles. Crustal enrichment factor calculations showed that concentrations of Pb, Zn, Cd, Sb, and Ag are highly enriched and As, Cu, Co, Ca, and Ni are moderately enriched. Factor analysis calculations permitted the identification of three sources affecting the levels of elements in the fine fraction, namely re-suspended road dust, automobile emissions, and industrial emissions.
PM10, PM2.5, ICP-OES, Trace Elements, Source Identification, Jordan
To cite this article
Idrees F. Al-Momani, Wisam M. Shatnawi, Chemical Characterization and Source Determination of Trace Elements in PM2.5 and PM10 from an Urban Area, Northern Jordan, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2017, pp. 103-108. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20170504.12
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