Historical Trends of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Sediments of Toulon Bay (South of France)
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 150-158
Received: Aug. 28, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 8, 2017; Published: Nov. 29, 2017
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Authors
Emmanuel Wafo, Chemistry Department Pharmaceutic, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Marseille, France
Lydia Abou, Chemistry Department Pharmaceutic, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Marseille, France
Alain Nicolay, Chemistry Department Pharmaceutic, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Marseille, France
Pierre Boissery, Agence Some Water, Marseille, France
Cédric Garnier, Chemistry Department, Laboratory PROTEE, University of the South of Toulon, Toulon, France
Henri Portugal, Chemistry Department Pharmaceutic, Analytical Chemistry Laboratory, Marseille, France
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Abstract
The levels of 16 USEPA priority PAHs in surface sediments and four dated sediment cores from Toulon Bay were determined and characterized by strong implantation. The total PAH levels in the superficial sediments ranged from 0.30 to 34.11 mg.kg-1 dry weight in the 0-5 layer and from 0.34 to 54.68 mg.kg-1 dry weight in the 5-10 layer. The qualitative assessment of sediment samples revealed relatively high PAH levels compared with French reference values. The results indicated that the PAHs in Toulon Bay are of pyrolytic origin. Estimating the rate of sedimentation based on pronounced events, such as explosive growth in the use of petroleum products, major developments, and periods of conflict, can be used to follow the history of pollution based on its composition over a period of approximately 130 to 180 years, depending on the length of the cores.
Keywords
Toulon Bay, Sediment, PAHs, Pollution, Depth Profile
To cite this article
Emmanuel Wafo, Lydia Abou, Alain Nicolay, Pierre Boissery, Cédric Garnier, Henri Portugal, Historical Trends of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Sediments of Toulon Bay (South of France), International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2017, pp. 150-158. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20170506.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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