Predicting the Capacity of Receiving Wastewater of Thuong River in Vietnam and Propose Policies for Water Resources Protection
International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis
Volume 6, Issue 1, February 2018, Pages: 1-12
Received: Jan. 19, 2018; Accepted: Jan. 31, 2018; Published: Mar. 5, 2018
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Authors
Trinh Thi Thu Van, Department of Water Resources Management, Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, Hanoi, Vietnam
Bui Cong Quang, Faculty of Hydrology and Water Resources, Thuyloi University, Hanoi, Vietnam
Nguyen Duc Viet, Directorate of Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam
Nguyen Tung Phong, Vietnam Academy for Water Resources, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi, Vietnam
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Abstract
Thuong river - a tributary of the Red River in Vietnam, is currently facing the degradation in both water quality and quantity. One of the major causes of water pollution is wastewater discharge into the river from industrial plants, agricultural and residential areas where wastewater is untreated or treated but does not meet the Vietnamese standards. This report presents the results of predicting the capacity of receiving wastewater of Thuong river from the Cau Son hydrological station to Pha Lai hydrological station in 2020 and 2030 with 3 scenarios: (i) The amount of waste water increases according to plan, but not treated, (ii) 30% waste water is treated, (iii) 70% waste water is treated. The method is the application of the MIKE 11 model combined with the waste load calculation formula. The results showed that, in many river stretches, especially the stretches run through Bac Giang city and industrial areas, the river pollution is increasingly serious, and has no signs of stop. Therefore, it is necessary to propose the water policies to control the wastewater discharge into the Thuong River in particular and the Red River system in general in order to protect water resource.
Keywords
Receiving Wastewater, Water Quality, Model MIKE 11, Water Policy, Thuong River
To cite this article
Trinh Thi Thu Van, Bui Cong Quang, Nguyen Duc Viet, Nguyen Tung Phong, Predicting the Capacity of Receiving Wastewater of Thuong River in Vietnam and Propose Policies for Water Resources Protection, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-12. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180601.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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